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incident

[in-si-duh nt] /ˈɪn sɪ dənt/
noun
1.
an individual occurrence or event.
2.
a distinct piece of action, or an episode, as in a story or play.
3.
something that occurs casually in connection with something else.
4.
something appertaining or attaching to something else.
5.
an occurrence of seemingly minor importance, especially involving nations or factions between which relations are strained and sensitive, that can lead to serious consequences, as an outbreak of hostilities or a war:
border incident; international incident.
6.
an embarrassing occurrence, especially of a social nature.
adjective
7.
likely or apt to happen (usually followed by to).
8.
naturally appertaining:
hardships incident to the life of an explorer.
9.
conjoined or attaching, especially as subordinate to a principal thing.
10.
falling or striking on something, as light rays.
Origin
late Middle English
1375-1425
1375-1425; late Middle English < Middle French < Medieval Latin incident- (stem of incidēns a happening, noun use of present participle of Latin incidere to befall), equivalent to Latin in- in-2 + -cid- (combining form of cad- fall) + -ent- -ent; cf. cadence
Related forms
incidentless, adjective
nonincident, noun, adjective
Can be confused
incidence, incidents, incidental.
Synonyms
1. happening. See event.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for incident to

incident

/ˈɪnsɪdənt/
noun
1.
a distinct or definite occurrence; event
2.
a minor, subsidiary, or related event or action
3.
a relatively insignificant event that might have serious consequences, esp in international politics
4.
a public disturbance: the police had reports of an incident outside a pub
5.
the occurrence of something interesting or exciting: the trip was not without incident
adjective
6.
(postpositive) foll by to. related (to) or dependent (on)
7.
when postpositive, often foll by to. having a subsidiary or minor relationship (with)
8.
(esp of a beam of light or particles) arriving at or striking a surface: incident electrons
Word Origin
C15: from Medieval Latin incidens an event, from Latin incidere, literally: to fall into, hence befall, happen, from in-² + cadere to fall
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for incident to

incident

n.

early 15c., "something which occurs casually in connection with something else," from Middle French incident and directly from Latin incidentem (nominative incidens), present participle of incidere "happen, befall," from in- "on" + -cidere, comb. form of cadere "to fall" (see case (n.1)). Sense of "an occurrence viewed as a separate circumstance" is from mid-15c. Meaning "event that might trigger a crisis or political unrest" first attested 1913.

adj.

"conducive (to), contributing (to)," early 15c., from Middle French incident (adj.) or directly from Latin incidens, present participle of incidere (see incident (n.)).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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