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[in-kruh-muh nt, ing-] /ˈɪn krə mənt, ˈɪŋ-/
something added or gained; addition; increase.
profit; gain.
the act or process of increasing; growth.
an amount by which something increases or grows:
a weekly increment of $25 in salary.
one of a series of regular additions:
You may make deposits in increments of $500.
  1. the difference between two values of a variable; a change, positive, negative, or zero, in an independent variable.
  2. the increase of a function due to an increase in the independent variable.
late Middle English
1375-1425; late Middle English < Latin incrēmentum an increase, equivalent to incrē(scere) to grow (see increase) + -mentum -ment
Related forms
[in-kruh-men-tl, ing-] /ˌɪn krəˈmɛn tl, ˌɪŋ-/ (Show IPA),
adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for increments
  • Students have the option to purchase the e-book during or after a rental period, and can extend rental period in daily increments.
  • We're on a single pay scale and get yearly increments up the scale.
  • After that, additional income appears to produce only modest increments in self-reported happiness.
  • At a certain point, each incremental gain in efficiency at a given skill requires proportionally more increments of effort.
  • They were incremental changes to a device for measuring increments.
  • The tuner lets you move the dial in small increments.
  • Each step is a tottering nightmare of minimal increments.
  • Leaving aside contingency-fee snakes, the rest of us snakes sell our services by the hour, usually in decimal increments.
  • Law adapts by continuous increments and at a pace second only to geology.
  • Serendipity and talent every day, in varying increments.
British Dictionary definitions for increments


an increase or addition, esp one of a series
the act of increasing; augmentation
(maths) a small positive or negative change in a variable or function. Symbol: Δ, as in Δx or Δf
Word Origin
C15: from Latin incrēmentum growth, increase
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for increments



mid-15c., "act or process of increasing," from Latin incrementum "growth, increase; an addition," from stem of increscere "to grow in or upon" (see increase). Meaning "amount of increase" first attested 1630s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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increments in Medicine

increment in·cre·ment (ĭn'krə-mənt, ĭng'-)

  1. The process of increasing in number, size, quantity, or extent.

  2. Something added or gained.

  3. A small positive or negative change in the value of a variable.

in'cre·men'tal (-měn'tl) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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