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incur

[in-kur] /ɪnˈkɜr/
verb (used with object), incurred, incurring.
1.
to come into or acquire (some consequence, usually undesirable or injurious):
to incur a huge number of debts.
2.
to become liable or subject to through one's own action; bring or take upon oneself:
to incur his displeasure.
Origin
late Middle English
1400-1450
1400-50; late Middle English < Latin incurrere to run into, come upon, equivalent to in- in-2 + currere to run; see current
Related forms
incurrable, adjective
reincur, verb (used with object), reincurred, reincurring.
self-incurred, adjective
Synonyms
2. arouse, incite, provoke.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for incurring
  • All elected governments will have to take nasty decisions, almost certainly incurring unpopularity.
  • Suppose a company is incurring high costs for overtime work.
  • The sunk costs shouldn't be an argument for incurring further costs.
  • If her medical records had been unavailable, doctors probably would have ordered an ultrasound, incurring some delay in treatment.
  • The display can also be folded in half or crumpled up without incurring any damage.
  • It amounts to a way to transfer millions of dollars to the children each year without incurring gift or estate taxes.
  • One study reported that older adults would benefit from a fourth dose without incurring serious side effects.
  • Allowable costs will be determined in accordance with the cost principles applicable to the organization incurring the costs.
  • incurring years of debt to avoid an annual operating expense as a budget-balancing tool is poor fiscal policy.
British Dictionary definitions for incurring

incur

/ɪnˈkɜː/
verb (transitive) -curs, -curring, -curred
1.
to make oneself subject to (something undesirable); bring upon oneself
2.
to run into or encounter
Derived Forms
incurrable, adjective
Word Origin
C16: from Latin incurrere to run into, from currere to run
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for incurring

incur

v.

early 15c., from Anglo-French encurir, Middle French encourir, from Latin incurrere "run into or against, rush at, make an attack;" figuratively, "to befall, happen, occur to," from in- "upon" (see in- (2)) + currere "to run" (see current (adj.)). Related: Incurred; incurring.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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