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[in-kur] /ɪnˈkɜr/
verb (used with object), incurred, incurring.
to come into or acquire (some consequence, usually undesirable or injurious):
to incur a huge number of debts.
to become liable or subject to through one's own action; bring or take upon oneself:
to incur his displeasure.
Origin of incur
late Middle English
1400-50; late Middle English < Latin incurrere to run into, come upon, equivalent to in- in-2 + currere to run; see current
Related forms
incurrable, adjective
reincur, verb (used with object), reincurred, reincurring.
self-incurred, adjective
2. arouse, incite, provoke. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for incurring
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • Neither could they have met Parliament with any show of a justification for incurring war.

    Our Old Home, Vol. 2 Nathaniel Hawthorne
  • Then I proceeded to say: Well, but are you aware of the danger which you are incurring?

    Protagoras Plato
  • On they wandered for a year and a day, meeting many adventures and incurring many perils; but no one knew the name of Floreta.

    Patraas R. H. Busk
  • For who will be selling me a boat and incurring the penalties in Governor Steed's proclamation?

    Captain Blood Rafael Sabatini
  • But, if Florence had put him at it, that would have meant my getting to know of it, and his incurring Leonora's vengeance.

    The Good Soldier Ford Madox Ford
  • He became lax in his attendance at the synagogue, incurring the reproach of the family.

    The Promised Land Mary Antin
British Dictionary definitions for incurring


verb (transitive) -curs, -curring, -curred
to make oneself subject to (something undesirable); bring upon oneself
to run into or encounter
Derived Forms
incurrable, adjective
Word Origin
C16: from Latin incurrere to run into, from currere to run
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for incurring



early 15c., from Anglo-French encurir, Middle French encourir, from Latin incurrere "run into or against, rush at, make an attack;" figuratively, "to befall, happen, occur to," from in- "upon" (see in- (2)) + currere "to run" (see current (adj.)). Related: Incurred; incurring.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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