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indicator

[in-di-key-ter] /ˈɪn dɪˌkeɪ tər/
noun
1.
a person or thing that indicates.
2.
a pointing or directing device, as a pointer on the dial of an instrument to show pressure, temperature, speed, volume, or the like.
3.
an instrument that indicates the condition of a machine or the like.
4.
an instrument for measuring and recording variations of pressure in the cylinder of an engine.
5.
Chemistry.
  1. a substance, as litmus, that indicates the presence or concentration of a certain constituent.
  2. a substance often used in a titration to indicate the point at which the reaction is complete.
6.
Ecology. a plant, animal, or species that indicates, by its presence in a given area, the existence of certain environmental conditions.
Origin
1660-1670
1660-70; < Medieval Latin indicātor, equivalent to Latin indicā(re) to indicate + -tor -tor
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for indicators
  • These are the indicators of crisis, subject to data and statistics.
  • From the outside, look for patches of new shingles, which are indicators of past leaks.
  • Plankton are sensitive to climate change, for example, and can act as indicators of the water's physical characteristics.
  • They have examined all the indicators and they're confident that the economy is recovering.
  • The simplest way to define influence would be to use market indicators.
  • Several controlled the indicators, one acted as announcer.
  • The chair induced the same false sensations that led pilots to mistrust their turn indicators.
  • Then someone thought to try fitting time-reversed indicators to non-reversed data.
  • They can also have an important role in the ecosystem as top predators or as indicators of overfishing.
  • Both mouse and keyboard sport battery life indicators.
British Dictionary definitions for indicators

indicator

/ˈɪndɪˌkeɪtə/
noun
1.
something that provides an indication, esp of trends See economic indicator
2.
a device to attract attention, such as the pointer of a gauge or a warning lamp
3.
an instrument that displays certain operating conditions in a machine, such as a gauge showing temperature, speed, pressure, etc
4.
  1. a device that records or registers something, such as the movements of a lift, or that shows information, such as arrival and departure times of trains
  2. (as modifier): indicator light
5.
Also called blinker. a device for indicating that a motor vehicle is about to turn left or right, esp two pairs of lights that flash when operated or a pair of trafficators
6.
Also called dial gauge. a delicate measuring instrument used to determine small differences in the height of mechanical components. It consists of a spring-loaded plunger that operates a pointer moving over a circular scale
7.
(chem)
  1. a substance used in titrations to indicate the completion of a chemical reaction, usually by a change of colour
  2. a substance, such as litmus, that indicates the presence of an acid or alkali
8.
(ecology) Also called indicator species
  1. a plant or animal species that thrives only under particular environmental conditions and therefore indicates these conditions where it is found
  2. a species of plant or animal whose well-being confirms the well-being of other species in the area
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for indicators

indicator

n.

1660s, from Late Latin indicator, agent noun from indicare (see indication). As a finger muscle, from 1690s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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indicators in Medicine

indicator in·di·ca·tor (ĭn'dĭ-kā'tər)
n.

  1. One that indicates, especially a pointer or an index.

  2. An instrument used to monitor the operation or condition of an engine, an electrical network, or another physical system; a meter or gauge.

  3. The needle, dial, or other registering device on such an instrument.

  4. Any of various substances, such as litmus or phenolphthalein, that indicate the presence, absence, or concentration of another substance or the degree of reaction between substances by means of a characteristic change, especially in color.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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indicators in Science
indicator
  (ĭn'dĭ-kā'tər)   
A chemical compound that changes color and structure when exposed to certain conditions and is therefore useful for chemical tests. Litmus, for example, is an indicator that becomes red in the presence of acids and blue in the presence of bases.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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