Indo-European

Indo-European

[in-doh-yoor-uh-pee-uhn]
noun
1.
a large, widespread family of languages, the surviving branches of which include Italic, Slavic, Baltic, Hellenic, Celtic, Germanic, and Indo-Iranian, spoken by about half the world's population: English, Spanish, German, Latin, Greek, Russian, Albanian, Lithuanian, Armenian, Persian, Hindi, and Hittite are all Indo-European languages. Compare family ( def 14 ).
2.
3.
a member of any of the peoples speaking an Indo-European language.
adjective
4.
of or belonging to Indo-European.
5.
speaking an Indo-European language: an Indo-European people.

Origin:
1805–15

non-Indo-European, adjective, noun
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
Indo-European
 
adj
1.  denoting, belonging to, or relating to a family of languages that includes English and many other culturally and politically important languages of the world: a characteristic feature, esp of the older languages such as Latin, Greek, and Sanskrit, is inflection showing gender, number, and case
2.  denoting or relating to the hypothetical parent language of this family, primitive Indo-European
3.  denoting, belonging to, or relating to any of the peoples speaking these languages
 
n
4.  the Indo-European family of languages
5.  primitive Indo-European, Also called: Proto-Indo-European the reconstructed hypothetical parent language of this family
6.  a member of the prehistoric people who spoke this language
7.  a descendant of this people or a native speaker of an Indo-European language

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Indo-European
1814, coined by physician, physicist and Egyptologist Thomas Young (1773-1829) and first used in an article in the "Quarterly Review," from Indo-, comb. form of Gk. Indos "India" + European. "Common to India and Europe," specifically in ref. to the group of related languages and to the race or races
characterized by their use. The alternative Indo-Germanic (1835) was coined in Ger. 1823 (indogermanisch), based on the two peoples at the extremes of the geographic area covered by the languages, before Celtic was realized also to be an Indo-European language. After this was proved, many Ger. scholars switched to Indo-European as more accurate, but Indo-Germanic continued in use (popularized by the titles of major works) and the predominance of Ger. scholarship in this field made it the popular term in England, too, through the 19c. See also Aryan.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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