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-ine1

1.
a suffix of adjectives of Greek or Latin origin, meaning “of or pertaining to,” “of the nature of,” “made of,” “like”:
asinine; crystalline; equine; marine.
Compare -in1 .
Origin
< Latin -īnus, -inus < Greek -inos

-ine2

1.
a suffix, of no assignable meaning, appearing in nouns of Greek, Latin, or French origin:
doctrine; famine; routine.
2.
a noun suffix used particularly in chemical terms (bromine; chlorine), and especially in names of basic substances (amine; aniline; caffeine; quinine; quinoline).
Compare -in2 .
3.
a suffix of feminine nouns (heroine), given names (Clementine), and titles (landgravine).
Compare -ina
Origin
< French < Latin -ina, orig. feminine of -inus; also representing Greek -inē, feminine noun suffix
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for ine

Ine

/ˈɪnə; ˈɪnɪ/
noun
1.
died after 726, king of Wessex (688–726)

-ine1

suffix
1.
of, relating to, or belonging to: saturnine
2.
consisting of or resembling: crystalline
Word Origin
from Latin -īnus, from Greek -inos

-ine2

suffix
1.
indicating a halogen: chlorine
2.
indicating a nitrogenous organic compound, including amino acids, alkaloids, and certain other bases: alanine, nicotine, purine
3.
Also -in. indicating a chemical substance in certain nonsystematic names: glycerine
4.
indicating a mixture of hydrocarbons: benzine
5.
indicating a feminine form: heroine
6.
an obsolete equivalent of -yne
Word Origin
via French from Latin -ina (from -inus) and Greek -inē
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for ine

-ine

suffix used to form adjectives from nouns, from French -ine, fem. of -in, or directly from Latin -inus "of, like."

chemical suffix, sometimes -in, though modern use distinguishes them; early 19c., from French -ine, from Latin -ina, fem. form of suffix used to form adjectives from nouns. In French commonly used to form words for derived substances, hence its extended use in chemistry.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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ine in Medicine

-ine 2
suff.

  1. or -in A chemical substance: bromine, amine, quinine.

  2. Amino acid: glycine.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Encyclopedia Article for ine

Ine

also spelled Ini Anglo-Saxon king of the West Saxons, or Wessex, from 688 to 726. One of the most powerful West Saxon rulers before Alfred the Great, Ine was the first West Saxon king to issue a code of laws, which are an important source for the structure of early English society.

Learn more about Ine with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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