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inflict

[in-flikt] /ɪnˈflɪkt/
verb (used with object)
1.
to impose as something that must be borne or suffered:
to inflict punishment.
2.
to impose (anything unwelcome):
The regime inflicted burdensome taxes on the people.
3.
to deal or deliver, as a blow.
Origin
1520-1530
1520-30; < Latin inflīctus past participle of inflīgere to strike or dash against, equivalent to in- in-2 + flīg- (stem of flīgere to beat down) + -tus past participle suffix
Related forms
inflictable, adjective
inflicter, inflictor, noun
inflictive, adjective
preinflict, verb (used with object)
uninflicted, adjective
Can be confused
afflict, infect, inflict.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for inflictive

inflict

/ɪnˈflɪkt/
verb (transitive)
1.
often foll by on or upon. to impose (something unwelcome, such as pain, oneself, etc)
2.
(rare) to cause to suffer; afflict (with)
3.
to deal out (blows, lashes, etc)
Derived Forms
inflictable, adjective
inflicter, inflictor, noun
infliction, noun
inflictive, adjective
Word Origin
C16: from Latin inflīgere to strike (something) against, dash against, from flīgere to strike
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for inflictive

inflict

v.

1560s, from Latin inflictus, past participle of infligere "to strike or dash against," from in- "on, against" (see in- (2)) + fligere (past participle flictus) "to dash, strike" (see afflict). You inflict trouble on someone; you afflict someone with trouble. Shame on you.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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