influenzal

influenza

[in-floo-en-zuh]
noun
1.
Pathology. an acute, commonly epidemic disease, occurring in several forms, caused by numerous rapidly mutating viral strains and characterized by respiratory symptoms and general prostration. Compare flu.
2.
Veterinary Pathology. an acute, contagious disease occurring in horses and swine, characterized by fever, depression, and catarrhal inflammations of the eyes, nasal passages, and bronchi, and caused by a virus.

Origin:
1735–45; < Italian < Medieval Latin influentia influence

influenzal, adjective
influenzalike, adjective
postinfluenzal, adjective
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World English Dictionary
influenza (ˌɪnflʊˈɛnzə)
 
n
grippe, Also called: flu a highly contagious and often epidemic viral disease characterized by fever, prostration, muscular aches and pains, and inflammation of the respiratory passages
 
[C18: from Italian, literally: influence, hence, incursion, epidemic (first applied to influenza in 1743)]
 
influ'enzal
 
adj

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

influenza
1743, borrowed during an outbreak of the disease in Europe, from It. influenza "influenza, epidemic," originally "visitation, influence (of the stars)," from M.L. influentia (see influence). Used in It. for diseases since at least 1504 (cf. influenza di febbre scarlattina
"scarlet fever") on notion of astral or occult influence. The 1743 outbreak began in Italy. Often applied since mid-19c. to severe colds.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

influenza in·flu·en·za (ĭn'flōō-ěn'zə)
n.
An acute contagious viral infection, commonly occurring in epidemics or pandemics, and characterized by inflammation of the respiratory tract and by the sudden onset, fever, chills, muscular pain, headache, and severe prostration. Also called grippe.


in'flu·en'zal adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
influenza   (ĭn'fl-ěn'zə)  Pronunciation Key 
A highly contagious infectious disease that is caused by any of various viruses of the family Orthomyxoviridae and is characterized by fever, respiratory symptoms, fatigue, and muscle pain. It commonly occurs in epidemics, one of which killed 20 million people between 1917 and 1919.

Our Living Language  : Since ancient times, influenza has periodically swept the world. Until recently, people could not tell how this illness, which we call the flu, could spread so widely. Before people knew that organisms cause disease, they thought the stars influenced the spread of influenza. Influenza comes ultimately from the Latin word influentia, meaning "influence of the stars." Today, however, the stars are no longer blamed for the flu. Inhaling influenza viruses causes the spread of the illness.
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Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
influenza [(in-flooh-en-zuh)]

Commonly called the flu; an acute and infectious disease of the respiratory system caused by a virus and characterized by fever, muscle pain, headache, and inflammation of the mucous membranes in the respiratory tract.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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