information

[in-fer-mey-shuhn]
noun
1.
knowledge communicated or received concerning a particular fact or circumstance; news: information concerning a crime.
2.
knowledge gained through study, communication, research, instruction, etc.; factual data: His wealth of general information is amazing.
3.
the act or fact of informing.
4.
an office, station, service, or employee whose function is to provide information to the public: The ticket seller said to ask information for a timetable.
6.
Law.
a.
an official criminal charge presented, usually by the prosecuting officers of the state, without the interposition of a grand jury.
b.
a criminal charge, made by a public official under oath before a magistrate, of an offense punishable summarily.
c.
the document containing the depositions of witnesses against one accused of a crime.
7.
(in information theory) an indication of the number of possible choices of messages, expressible as the value of some monotonic function of the number of choices, usually the logarithm to the base 2.
8.
Computers.
a.
important or useful facts obtained as output from a computer by means of processing input data with a program: Using the input data, we have come up with some significant new information.
b.
data at any stage of processing (input, output, storage, transmission, etc.).

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English: instruction, teaching, a forming of the mind < Medieval Latin, Latin: idea, conception. See inform1, -ation

informational, adjective
noninformational, adjective


1. data, facts, intelligence, advice. 2. Information, knowledge, wisdom are terms for human acquirements through reading, study, and practical experience. Information applies to facts told, read, or communicated that may be unorganized and even unrelated: to pick up useful information. Knowledge is an organized body of information, or the comprehension and understanding consequent on having acquired and organized a body of facts: a knowledge of chemistry. Wisdom is a knowledge of people, life, and conduct, with the facts so thoroughly assimilated as to have produced sagacity, judgment, and insight: to use wisdom in handling people.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
information (ˌɪnfəˈmeɪʃən)
 
n
1.  knowledge acquired through experience or study
2.  knowledge of specific and timely events or situations; news
3.  the act of informing or the condition of being informed
4.  a.  an office, agency, etc, providing information
 b.  (as modifier): information service
5.  a.  a charge or complaint made before justices of the peace, usually on oath, to institute summary criminal proceedings
 b.  a complaint filed on behalf of the Crown, usually by the attorney general
6.  computing
 a.  the meaning given to data by the way in which it is interpreted
 b.  another word for data
7.  informal too much information I don't want to hear any more
 
infor'mational
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

information
late 14c., "act of informing," from O.Fr. informacion, from L. informationem (nom. informatio) "outline, concept, idea," noun of action from informare (see inform). Meaning "knowledge communicated" is from c.1450. Short form info is attested from 1906. Infomercial (with commercial)
and infotainment (with entertainment) are from 1983. Before infomercial was the print form, advertorial (1961).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
If you are one of these people, this informational series is for you.
It's a glaring informational hole for someone whose life's work is to preserve
  the historical record, and set it straight.
The site's homepage serves as the central posting place for informational
  updates.
Both have carved out social, informational, and distributional networks outside
  the conventional channels.
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