city, Bavaria Land (state), southern Germany. It lies along the Danube and Schutter rivers, southwest of Regensburg. First mentioned in 806 as a crown estate, villa Ingoldestat, it was chartered in 1250 and became a ducal seat in 1392. The duchy of Bavaria-Ingolstadt passed to the Bavaria-Landshut line in 1447 and to the Bavaria-Munich line of the Wittelsbachs in 1503. The University of Munich, which was important in the German humanist movement and in the Counter-Reformation, was founded in Ingolstadt in 1472 but was moved to Landshut in 1800 and to Munich in 1826. A garrison and fortress town in the 19th century, Ingolstadt was damaged considerably in World War II. The city was reconstructed after the war and expanded rapidly.
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