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inhibit

[in-hib-it] /ɪnˈhɪb ɪt/
verb (used with object)
1.
to restrain, hinder, arrest, or check (an action, impulse, etc.).
2.
to prohibit; forbid.
3.
Psychology. to consciously or unconsciously suppress or restrain (psychologically or sociologically unacceptable behavior).
4.
Chemistry. to decrease the rate of action of or stop (a chemical reaction).
Origin
late Middle English
1425-1475
1425-75; late Middle English inhibiten < Latin inhibitus, past participle of inhibēre to restrain, equivalent to in- in-2 + -hibēre, combining form of habēre to have, hold
Related forms
inhibitable, adjective
inhibitory
[in-hib-i-tawr-ee, -tohr-ee] /ɪnˈhɪb ɪˈtɔr i, -ˌtoʊr i/ (Show IPA),
inhibitive, adjective
interinhibitive, adjective
noninhibitive, adjective
noninhibitory, adjective
overinhibit, verb (used with object)
subinhibitory, adjective
uninhibiting, adjective
Synonyms
1. repress, discourage, obstruct. 2. interdict. See forbid.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for inhibiting
  • Generally the expense of a lawsuit is not the only major inhibiting factor, but the career ending nature of the action.
  • The coat swirls gracefully around the body without inhibiting the movement of the arms in a gunfight.
  • These drugs may provide benefits by promoting deep sleep and inhibiting pain pathways in the nervous system.
  • They lower the pressure inside the eye by inhibiting the production of aqueous humor.
  • Lipitor works by inhibiting an enzyme that plays a key role in the production of cholesterol in the liver.
  • These bug killers, which can cross the human placenta, work by inhibiting brain-signaling compounds.
  • Ultimately, proteomics could uncover new targets for protein-inhibiting drugs.
  • You're right, masking the symptoms and inhibiting the inflammatory response is not going to solve the problem.
  • Pressing them to reduce rates further would jeopardise their ability to attract private capital, inhibiting their growth.
  • He argues that the duty depresses share prices, damaging pension funds and inhibiting investment.
British Dictionary definitions for inhibiting

inhibit

/ɪnˈhɪbɪt/
verb (transitive) -its, -iting, -ited
1.
to restrain or hinder (an impulse, a desire, etc)
2.
to prohibit; forbid
3.
to stop, prevent, or decrease the rate of (a chemical reaction)
4.
(electronics)
  1. to prevent the occurrence of (a particular signal) in a circuit
  2. to prevent the performance of (a particular operation)
Derived Forms
inhibitable, adjective
inhibitive, inhibitory, adjective
Word Origin
C15: from Latin inhibēre to restrain, from in-² + habēre to have
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for inhibiting

inhibit

v.

early 15c., "to forbid, prohibit," back-formation from inhibition or else from Latin inhibitus, past participle of inhibere "to hold in, hold back, keep back" (see inhibition). Psychological sense (1876) is from earlier, softened meaning of "restrain, check, hinder" (1530s). Related: Inhibited; inhibiting.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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inhibiting in Medicine

inhibit in·hib·it (ĭn-hĭb'ĭt)
v. in·hib·it·ed, in·hib·it·ing, in·hib·its

  1. To hold back; restrain.

  2. To suppress or restrain a behavioral process, an impulse, or a desire consciously or unconsciously.

  3. To prevent or decrease the rate of a chemical reaction.

  4. To decrease, limit, or block the action or function of something in the body, as an enzyme or organ.


in·hib'i·to'ry (-tôr'ē) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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