inhibit

[in-hib-it]
verb (used with object)
1.
to restrain, hinder, arrest, or check (an action, impulse, etc.).
2.
to prohibit; forbid.
3.
Psychology. to consciously or unconsciously suppress or restrain (psychologically or sociologically unacceptable behavior).
4.
Chemistry. to decrease the rate of action of or stop (a chemical reaction).

Origin:
1425–75; late Middle English inhibiten < Latin inhibitus, past participle of inhibēre to restrain, equivalent to in- in-2 + -hibēre, combining form of habēre to have, hold

inhibitable, adjective
inhibitory [in-hib-i-tawr-ee, -tohr-ee] , inhibitive, adjective
interinhibitive, adjective
noninhibitive, adjective
noninhibitory, adjective
overinhibit, verb (used with object)
subinhibitory, adjective
uninhibiting, adjective


1. repress, discourage, obstruct. 2. interdict. See forbid.
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World English Dictionary
inhibit (ɪnˈhɪbɪt)
 
vb , -its, -iting, -ited
1.  to restrain or hinder (an impulse, a desire, etc)
2.  to prohibit; forbid
3.  to stop, prevent, or decrease the rate of (a chemical reaction)
4.  electronics
 a.  to prevent the occurrence of (a particular signal) in a circuit
 b.  to prevent the performance of (a particular operation)
 
[C15: from Latin inhibēre to restrain, from in-² + habēre to have]
 
in'hibitable
 
adj
 
in'hibitive
 
adj
 
in'hibitory
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

inhibit
mid-15c., "to forbid, prohibit," from L. inhibit-, pp. stem of inhibere (see inhibition). Psychological sense (1876) is from earlier, softened meaning of "restrain, check, hinder" (1530s).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

inhibit in·hib·it (ĭn-hĭb'ĭt)
v. in·hib·it·ed, in·hib·it·ing, in·hib·its

  1. To hold back; restrain.

  2. To suppress or restrain a behavioral process, an impulse, or a desire consciously or unconsciously.

  3. To prevent or decrease the rate of a chemical reaction.

  4. To decrease, limit, or block the action or function of something in the body, as an enzyme or organ.


in·hib'i·to'ry (-tôr'ē) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
Generally the expense of a lawsuit is not the only major inhibiting factor, but the career ending nature of the action.
The coat swirls gracefully around the body without inhibiting the movement of
  the arms in a gunfight.
These drugs may provide benefits by promoting deep sleep and inhibiting pain
  pathways in the nervous system.
They lower the pressure inside the eye by inhibiting the production of aqueous
  humor.
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