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late 14c., "formal prohibition; interdiction of legal proceedings by authority;" also, the document setting forth such a prohibition, from Old French inibicion and directly from Latin inhibitionem (nominative inhibitio) "a restraining," from past participle stem of inhibere "to hold in, hold back, keep back," from in- "in, on" (see in- (2)) + habere "to hold" (see habit). Psychological sense of "involuntary check on an expression of an impulse" is from 1876.
inhibition in·hi·bi·tion (ĭn'hə-bĭsh'ən, ĭn'ə-)
The act of inhibiting or the state of being inhibited.
Something that restrains, blocks, or suppresses.
The conscious or unconscious restraint of a behavioral process, a desire, or an impulse.
Any of a variety of processes that are associated with the gradual attenuation, masking, and extinction of a previously conditioned response.
The condition in which or the process by which a reaction is inhibited.
The condition in which or the process by which an enzyme is inhibited.
The blocking or limiting of the activity of an organ, tissue, or cell of the body, caused by the action of a nerve or neuron or by the release of a substance such as a hormone or neurotransmitter. Compare excitation.
A personal hindrance to activity or expression. For example, fear of contracting cancer might serve as an inhibition against smoking.