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innocent

[in-uh-suh nt] /ˈɪn ə sənt/
adjective
1.
free from moral wrong; without sin; pure:
innocent children.
2.
free from legal or specific wrong; guiltless:
innocent of the crime.
3.
not involving evil intent or motive:
an innocent misrepresentation.
4.
not causing physical or moral injury; harmless:
innocent fun.
5.
devoid (usually followed by of):
a law innocent of merit.
6.
having or showing the simplicity or naiveté of an unworldly person; guileless; ingenuous.
7.
uninformed or unaware; ignorant.
noun
8.
an innocent person.
9.
a young child.
10.
a guileless person.
11.
a simpleton or idiot.
12.
Usually, innocents. (used with a singular verb) bluet (def 1).
Origin
1150-1200
1150-1200; Middle English < Latin innocent- (stem of innocēns) harmless, equivalent to in- in-3 + nocēns present participle of nocēre to harm; see -ent; cf. noxious
Related forms
innocently, adverb
quasi-innocent, adjective
quasi-innocently, adverb
superinnocent, adjective
superinnocently, adverb
uninnocent, adjective
uninnocently, adverb
Can be confused
acquitted, innocent, nolo contendere (see synonym study at the current entry)
innocence, innocents.
Synonyms
1. sinless, virtuous; faultless, impeccable, spotless, immaculate. 2. Innocent, blameless, guiltless imply freedom from the responsibility of having done wrong. Innocent may imply having done no wrong at any time, and having not even a knowledge of evil: an innocent victim. Blameless denotes freedom from blame, especially moral blame: a blameless life. Guiltless denotes freedom from guilt or responsibility for wrongdoing, usually in a particular instance: guiltless of a crime. 6. simple, naive, unsophisticated, artless.
Antonyms
1, 2. guilty.

Innocent I

[in-uh-suh nt] /ˈɪn ə sənt/
noun
1.
Saint, died a.d. 417, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 401–417.

Innocent II

noun
1.
(Gregorio Papareschi) died 1143, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1130–43.

Innocent III

noun
1.
(Giovanni Lotario de' Conti) 1161?–1216, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1198–1216.

Innocent IV

noun
1.
(Sinbaldo de Fieschi) c1180–1254, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1243–54.

Innocent V

noun
1.
(Pierre de Tarentaise) c1225–76, French ecclesiastic: pope 1276.

Innocent VI

noun
1.
(Étienne Aubert) died 1362, French jurist and ecclesiastic: pope 1352–62.

Innocent VII

noun
1.
(Cosimo de' Migliorati) 1336–1406, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1404–06.

Innocent VIII

noun
1.
(Giovanni Battista Cibò) 1432–92, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1484–92.

Innocent IX

noun
1.
(Giovanni Antonio Facchinetti) 1519–91, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1591.

Innocent X

noun
1.
(Giambattista Pamfili) 1574–1655, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1644–55.

Innocent XI

noun
1.
(Benedetto Odescalchi) 1611–89, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1676–89.

Innocent XII

noun
1.
(Antonio Pignatelli) 1615–1700, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1691–1700.

Innocent XIII

noun
1.
(Michelangelo Conti) 1655–1724, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1721–24.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for innocent
  • She must marry the innocent man in a sanctified wedding before impregnating herself.
  • Jack tricks jimmy by offering him a seemingly innocent brownie.
  • He is not an innocent and ingenuous man freed from all the constrictions of society.
  • Many people have been proclaimed innocent victims of the death penalty.
  • When the case went to court, it was found that the men were innocent.
British Dictionary definitions for innocent

innocent

/ˈɪnəsənt/
adjective
1.
not corrupted or tainted with evil or unpleasant emotion; sinless; pure
2.
not guilty of a particular crime; blameless
3.
(postpositive) foll by of. free (of); lacking: innocent of all knowledge of history
4.
  1. harmless or innocuous: an innocent game
  2. not cancerous: an innocent tumour
5.
credulous, naive, or artless
6.
simple-minded; slow-witted
noun
7.
an innocent person, esp a young child or an ingenuous adult
8.
a simple-minded person; simpleton
Derived Forms
innocently, adverb

Innocent II

noun
1.
original name Gregorio Papareschi. died 1143, pope (1130–43). He condemned Abelard's teachings

Innocent III

noun
1.
original name Giovanni Lotario de' Conti. ?1161–1216, pope (1198–1216), under whom the temporal power of the papacy reached its height. He instituted the Fourth Crusade (1202) and a crusade against the Albigenses (1208), and called the fourth Lateran Council (1215)

Innocent IV

noun
1.
original name Sinibaldo de' Fieschi. died 1254, pope (1243–54); an unrelenting enemy of Emperor Frederick II and his heirs
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for innocent
adj.

mid-14c., "doing no evil, free from sin or guilt," from Old French inocent "harmless; not guilty; pure" (11c.), from Latin innocentem (nominative innocens) "not guilty, harmless, blameless," from in- "not" (see in- (1)) + nocentem (nominative nocens), present participle of nocere "to harm" (see noxious). Meaning "free from guilt of a specific crime or charge" is from late 14c. The earliest use was as a noun, "person who is innocent of sin or evil" (c.1200). The Holy Innocents (early 14c.) were the young children slain by Herod sfter the birth of Jesus (Matt. ii:16).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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innocent in Medicine

innocent in·no·cent (ĭn'ə-sənt)
adj.
Not apparently harmful; benign.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Encyclopedia Article for innocent

Innocent II

pope from 1130 to 1143.

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Innocent V

pope during 1276, the first Dominican pontiff. He collaborated with SS. Albertus Magnus and Thomas Aquinas in drafting a rule of studies for the Dominican order.

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Innocent VI

pope from 1352 to 1362.

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Innocent VIII

pope from 1484 to 1492.

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Innocent XI

pope from 1676 to 1689.

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Innocent XII

original name Antonio Pignatelli pope from 1691 to 1700.

Learn more about Innocent XII with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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