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inoculate

[ih-nok-yuh-leyt] /ɪˈnɒk yəˌleɪt/
verb (used with object), inoculated, inoculating.
1.
to implant (a disease agent or antigen) in a person, animal, or plant to produce a disease for study or to stimulate disease resistance.
2.
to affect or treat (a person, animal, or plant) in this manner.
3.
to introduce (microorganisms) into surroundings suited to their growth, as a culture medium.
4.
to imbue (a person), as with ideas.
5.
Metallurgy. to treat (molten metal) chemically to strengthen the microstructure.
verb (used without object), inoculated, inoculating.
6.
to perform inoculation.
Origin
late Middle English
1400-1450
1400-50; late Middle English < Latin inoculātus past participle of inoculāre to graft by budding, implant, equivalent to in- in-2 + -oculā- (stem of -oculāre to graft, derivative of oculus eye, bud) + -tus past participle suffix
Related forms
inoculative
[ih-nok-yuh-ley-tiv, -yuh-luh-] /ɪˈnɒk yəˌleɪ tɪv, -yə lə-/ (Show IPA),
adjective
inoculator, noun
noninoculative, adjective
reinoculate, verb, reinoculated, reinoculating.
self-inoculated, adjective
uninoculated, adjective
uninoculative, adjective
Synonyms
4. indoctrinate, infuse.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for inoculated
  • So far they have inoculated seedlings in a greenhouse with the disease--hoping the few that survive will provide a heartier stock.
  • It suggests that one needs to be somehow inoculated to work in these martially contaminated environments.
  • Both had their own children inoculated, knowing the risks involved.
  • They'll be inoculated against diseases, and veterinarians will be available to treat sick lemurs.
  • Everyone who drinks, will be inoculated and boosted.
  • We went back there, and they had come and hacked off every inoculated arm.
  • It virtually inoculated kids against extreme maltreatment and a proven genetic vulnerability.
  • The research report says researchers inoculated meat with the bacteria and then applied electrical current.
  • Enthusiasts took material from an actual human smallpox lesion and inoculated somebody else with it.
  • When he inoculated the plants with viruses, only the transgenic squash managed to produce viable fruit with viable seeds.
British Dictionary definitions for inoculated

inoculate

/ɪˈnɒkjʊˌleɪt/
verb
1.
to introduce (the causative agent of a disease) into the body of (a person or animal), in order to induce immunity
2.
(transitive) to introduce (microorganisms, esp bacteria) into (a culture medium)
3.
(transitive) to cause to be influenced or imbued, as with ideas or opinions
Derived Forms
inoculation, noun
inoculative, adjective
inoculator, noun
Word Origin
C15: from Latin inoculāre to implant, from in-² + oculus eye, bud
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for inoculated

inoculate

v.

mid-15c., "implant a bud into a plant," from Latin inoculatus, past participle of inoculare "graft in, implant," from in- "in" (see in- (2)) + oculus "bud," originally "eye" (see eye (n.)). Meaning "implant germs of a disease to produce immunity" first recorded (in inoculation) 1714, originally in reference to smallpox. After 1799, often used in sense of "to vaccine inoculate." Related: Inoculated; inoculating.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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inoculated in Medicine

inoculate in·oc·u·late (ĭ-nŏk'yə-lāt')
v. in·oc·u·lat·ed, in·oc·u·lat·ing, in·oc·u·lates

  1. To introduce a serum, a vaccine, or an antigenic substance into the body of a person or an animal, especially as a means to produce or boost immunity to a specific disease.

  2. To implant microorganisms or infectious material into or on a culture medium.

  3. To communicate a disease to a living organism by transferring its causative agent into the organism.


in·oc'u·la'tive adj.
in·oc'u·la'tor n.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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