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insurgent

[in-sur-juh nt] /ɪnˈsɜr dʒənt/
noun
1.
a person who rises in forcible opposition to lawful authority, especially a person who engages in armed resistance to a government or to the execution of its laws; rebel.
2.
a member of a section of a political party that revolts against the methods or policies of the party.
adjective
3.
of or characteristic of an insurgent or insurgents.
4.
surging or rushing in:
The insurgent waves battered the shore.
Origin of insurgent
1755-1765
1755-65; < Latin insurgent- (stem of insurgēns) present participle of insurgere to get up, ascend, rebel. See in-2, surge, -ent
Synonyms
3. rebellious, revolutionary, mutinous.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for insurgent

insurgent

/ɪnˈsɜːdʒənt/
adjective
1.
rebellious or in revolt, as against a government in power or the civil authorities
noun
2.
a person who takes part in an uprising or rebellion; insurrectionist
3.
(international law) a person or group that rises in revolt against an established government or authority but whose conduct does not amount to belligerency
Derived Forms
insurgency, noun
Word Origin
C18: from Latin insurgēns rising upon or against, from insurgere to rise up, from surgere to rise
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for insurgent
n.

"one who rises in revolt," 1765, from Latin insurgentem (nominative insurgens), present participle of insurgere "rise up, rise against, revolt," from in- "against," or perhaps merely intensive, + surgere "to rise" (see surge). An obsolete verb insurge "to rise in opposition or insurrection" is attested from 1530s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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