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intimidate

[in-tim-i-deyt] /ɪnˈtɪm ɪˌdeɪt/
verb (used with object), intimidated, intimidating.
1.
to make timid; fill with fear.
2.
to overawe or cow, as through the force of personality or by superior display of wealth, talent, etc.
3.
to force into or deter from some action by inducing fear:
to intimidate a voter into staying away from the polls.
Origin
1640-1650
1640-50; < Medieval Latin intimidātus, past participle of intimidāre to make afraid, equivalent to Latin in- in-2 + timid(us) timid, afraid + -ātus -ate1
Related forms
intimidation, noun
intimidator, noun
intimidatory
[in-tim-i-duh-tawr-ee, -tohr-ee] /ɪnˈtɪm ɪ dəˌtɔr i, -ˌtoʊr i/ (Show IPA),
adjective
unintimidated, adjective
unintimidating, adjective
Can be confused
intimate, intimidate.
Synonyms
1. frighten, subdue, daunt, terrify. See discourage.
Antonyms
1. calm. 3. encourage.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for intimidating
  • In the evening the atmosphere is intimidating and threatening.
  • In part, it's because the thought of defaulting and leaving the euro after nearly a decade is so intimidating.
  • The reports also said some professors were intimidating students who did not accept that interpretation of events.
  • The second posits that the mane makes the lion more attractive to lionesses and more intimidating to other males.
  • That's because, even at rest, the supersonic reconnaissance plane is so flat-out intimidating.
  • If you've never cooked live crabs, it can seem a little intimidating.
  • Simple, but if you have never done this one, it can be a little intimidating.
  • There is nothing intimidating about the grilled marinated chicken.
  • To be sure, such a calling is both empowering and intimidating.
  • Often this combination is overwhelming and intimidating.
British Dictionary definitions for intimidating

intimidate

/ɪnˈtɪmɪˌdeɪt/
verb (transitive)
1.
to make timid or frightened; scare
2.
to discourage, restrain, or silence illegally or unscrupulously, as by threats or blackmail
Derived Forms
intimidating, adjective
intimidation, noun
intimidator, noun
Word Origin
C17: from Medieval Latin intimidāre, from Latin in-² + timidus fearful, from timor fear
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for intimidating

intimidate

v.

1640s, from Medieval Latin intimidatus, past participle of intimidare "to frighten, intimidate," from Latin in- "in" (see in- (2)) + timidus "fearful" (see timid). Related: Intimidated; intimidating.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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