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introspection

[in-truh-spek-shuh n] /ˌɪn trəˈspɛk ʃən/
noun
1.
observation or examination of one's own mental and emotional state, mental processes, etc.; the act of looking within oneself.
2.
the tendency or disposition to do this.
Origin of introspection
1670-1680
1670-80; < Latin intrōspect(us), past participle of intrōspicere to look within (equivalent to intrō- intro- + spec(ere) to look + -tus past participle suffix) + -ion
Related forms
introspectional, adjective
introspectionist, noun, adjective
Synonyms
1. self-examination, soul-searching.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for introspection
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • On this third view of the meaning of introspection, therefore, our decision is wholly against it.

    The Analysis of Mind Bertrand Russell
  • Let us proceed at once to test our conclusion by introspection.

    The Mind and Its Education George Herbert Betts
  • In spite of the medley of intrigue and carnage, there is introduced, after Senecan fashion, much philosophizing and introspection.

    Tragedy Ashley H. Thorndike
  • His occupation had perhaps encouraged in him a habit of introspection.

    Mary Gray Katharine Tynan
  • He claims against Comte and his followers a place for introspection in psychological research.

British Dictionary definitions for introspection

introspection

/ˌɪntrəˈspɛkʃən/
noun
1.
the examination of one's own thoughts, impressions, and feelings, esp for long periods
Derived Forms
introspectional, introspective, adjective
introspectionist, noun
introspectively, adverb
introspectiveness, noun
Word Origin
C17: from Latin intrōspicere to look within, from intro- + specere to look
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for introspection
n.

1670s, noun of action from past participle stem of Latin introspicere "to look into, look at," from intro- "inward" (see intro-) + specere "to look at" (see scope (n.1)).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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introspection in Medicine

introspection in·tro·spec·tion (ĭn'trə-spěk'shən)
n.
Contemplation of one's own thoughts, feelings, and sensations; self-examination.


in'tro·spect' v.
in'tro·spec'tion·al adj.
in'tro·spec'tive (-tĭv) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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introspection in Technology

programming, philosophy
A feature of some programming languages that allows a running program to obtain information about its own implementation.
For example, the Lisp function, "symbol-function" takes a Lisp symbol and returns the function definition associated with that symbol. Lisp is particularly suited to introspection because its source code uses the same underlying representation as its data. Another example is Perl's "can" method which returns true if a given object's class provides a given method.
(2010-01-19)

The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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