follow Dictionary.com

Today's Word of the Day means...

iodine

[ahy-uh-dahyn, -din; in Chemistry also ahy-uh-deen] /ˈaɪ əˌdaɪn, -dɪn; in Chemistry also ˈaɪ əˌdin/
noun, Chemistry
1.
a nonmetallic halogen element occurring at ordinary temperatures as a grayish-black crystalline solid that sublimes to a dense violet vapor when heated: used in medicine as an antiseptic. Symbol: I; atomic weight: 126.904; atomic number: 53; specific gravity: (solid) 4.93 at 20°C.
Also, iodin
[ahy-uh-din] /ˈaɪ ə dɪn/ (Show IPA)
.
Origin
1814
1814; < French iode (< Greek īṓdēs, orig. rust-colored, but by folk etymology taken as í(on) violet + -ōdēs -ode1) + -ine2; introduced by H. Davy
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source
British Dictionary definitions for iodin

iodine

/ˈaɪəˌdiːn/
noun
1.
a bluish-black element of the halogen group that sublimates into a violet irritating gas. Its compounds are used in medicine and photography and in dyes. The radioisotope iodine-131 (radioiodine), with a half-life of 8 days, is used in the diagnosis and treatment of thyroid disease. Symbol: I; atomic no: 53; atomic wt: 126.90447; valency: 1, 3, 5, or 7; relative density: 4.93; melting pt: 113.5°C; boiling pt: 184.35°C
Word Origin
C19: from French iode, from Greek iōdēs rust-coloured, but taken to mean violet-coloured, through a mistaken derivation from ion violet
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Cite This Source
Word Origin and History for iodin
iodine
1814, formed by British chemist Sir Humphry Davy from Fr. iode "iodine," coined 1812 by Fr. chemist Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac from Gk. ioeides "violet-colored," from ion "violet" + eidos "appearance" (see -oid). So called from the color of the vapor given off when the crystals are heated.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Cite This Source
iodin in Medicine

iodine i·o·dine (ī'ə-dīn', -dĭn, -dēn')
n.


  1. Symbol I A poisonous halogen element having compounds used as germicides, antiseptics, and food supplements, with radioactive isotopes, especially I 131, used in thyroid disease diagnosis and therapy. Atomic number 53; atomic weight 126.9045; melting point 113.7°C; boiling point 184.4°C; specific gravity (solid, at 20°C) 4.93; valence 1, 3, 5, 7.

  2. A liquid containing iodine dissolved in ethyl alcohol, used as an antiseptic for wounds.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Cite This Source
iodin in Science
iodine
  (ī'ə-dīn')   
Symbol I
A shiny, grayish-black element of the halogen group. It is corrosive and poisonous and occurs in very small amounts in nature except for seaweed, in which it is abundant. Iodine compounds are used in medicine, antiseptics, and dyes. Atomic number 53; atomic weight 126.9045; melting point 113.5°C; boiling point 184.35°C; specific gravity (solid, at 20°C) 4.93; valence 1, 3, 5, 7. See Periodic Table.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
Cite This Source

Word of The Day

Difficulty index for iodine

All English speakers likely know this word

Word Value for iodin

6
7
Scrabble Words With Friends