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Ionian

[ahy-oh-nee-uh n] /aɪˈoʊ ni ən/
adjective
1.
of or relating to Ionia.
2.
of or relating to the branch of the Greek people named from Ion, their legendary founder.
noun
3.
a member of one of the four main divisions of the prehistoric Greeks who invaded the Greek mainland and, after the Dorian invasions, emigrated to the Aegean islands and the coast of Asia Minor.
Compare Achaean (def 5), Aeolian (def 2), Dorian (def 2).
4.
an Ionian Greek.
Origin of Ionian
1555-1565
1555-65; Ioni(a) + -an
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for Ionian
Historical Examples
  • They were pursued, and defeated on their return to the coast, and Athens took no further part in the Ionian war.

  • She and her nurse had been stolen from the Ionian coast, by Greek pirates.

    Philothea Lydia Maria Child
  • Nor was the Eastern example more productive of emulation than the Ionian.

  • And when it died away, did not he fade with it—fade until the Ionian waters took him?

    A Spirit in Prison Robert Hichens
  • So early as the year 500, Onesilus joined the Ionian rebels, but was defeated.

    A Manual of Ancient History A. H. L. (Arnold Hermann Ludwig) Heeren
  • The Ionian, he replied, and the Lydian; they are termed 'relaxed.'

    The Republic Plato
  • Nymphs and graces, the work of Ionian chisels, were delivered over to Puritan stone-masons to be made decent.

    Library Notes A. P. Russell
  • The earliest was the Ionian; the latter was the Italian school.

    Christianity and Greek Philosophy Benjamin Franklin Cocker
  • His predecessors in the Ionian school, who left the universe full of gods, had not openly attacked the popular mythology.

  • Lucius could not leave Ephesus without the poorest Ionian youth knowing it.

    Saronia Richard Short
British Dictionary definitions for Ionian

Ionian

/aɪˈəʊnɪən/
noun
1.
a member of a Hellenic people who settled in Attica in about 1100 bc and later colonized the islands and E coast of the Aegean Sea
adjective
2.
of or relating to this people or their dialect of Ancient Greek; Ionic
3.
of or relating to Ionia
4.
(music) relating to or denoting an authentic mode represented by the ascending natural diatonic scale from C to C and forming the basis of the modern major key See also Hypo-
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for Ionian
adj.

"of Ionia," the districts of ancient Greece inhabited by the Ionians (including Attica and the north coast of the Peloponnesus, but especially the coastal strip of Asia Minor, including the islands of Samos and Chios). The name (which Herodotus credits to an ancestral Ion, son of Apollo and Creusa) probably is pre-Greek, perhaps related to Sanskrit yoni "womb, vulva," and a reference to goddess-worshipping people.

Also used of the sea that lies between Italy and the northern Peloponnesus (1630s). The musical Ionian mode (1844) corresponds to our basic major scale but was characterized by the Greeks as soft and effeminate, as were the Ionians generally.

The Ionians delighted in wanton dances and songs more than the rest of the Greeks ... and wanton gestures were proverbially termed Ionic motions. [Thomas Robinson, "Archæologica Græca," 1807]

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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