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ireland, republic of

ireland, republic of in Culture

Ireland, Republic of definition


Country occupying most of the island of Ireland, which it shares with Northern Ireland. Its capital and largest city is Dublin.

Note: The continuing conflict between Irish Roman Catholics and Protestants began when Henry VIII of England imposed the Protestant Church of Ireland upon a largely Catholic population.
Note: The Easter Rebellion of 1916, although unsuccessful, became a symbolic impetus for Irish nationalists struggling against British rule.
Note: In 1918, Catholic nationalists proclaimed an Irish republic, and in 1920, two separate parliaments for Catholic Ireland and Northern Ireland were established.
Note: A treaty with Britain in 1922 established the Irish Free State. The Republic of Ireland was proclaimed in 1949.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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