irene f. castle

Castle

[kas-uhl, kah-suhl]
noun
Irene (Foote) 1893–1969, born in the U.S., and her husband and partner Vernon, (Vernon Castle Blythe ), 1887–1918, born in England, U.S. ballroom dancers.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
castle (ˈkɑːsəl)
 
n
1.  a fortified building or set of buildings, usually permanently garrisoned, as in medieval Europe
2.  any fortified place or structure
3.  a large magnificent house, esp when the present or former home of a nobleman or prince
4.  the citadel and strongest part of the fortifications of a medieval town
5.  chess another name for rook
 
vb
6.  chess to move (the king) two squares laterally on the first rank and place the nearest rook on the square passed over by the king, either towards the king's side (castling short) or the queen's side (castling long)
 
[C11: from Latin castellum, diminutive of castrum fort]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

castle
late O.E. castel, from O.N.Fr. castel, from L. castellum "fortified village," dim. of castrum "fort;" cognate with O.Ir. cather, Welsh caer "town" (and perhaps related to castrare "cut off"). This word had come to O.E. as ceaster and formed the -caster and -chester in place names. Sp. alcazar "castle"
is from Arabic al-qasr, from L. castrum. The move in chess is recorded under this name from 1656. In early bibles, castle was used to translate Gk. kome "village," causing much confusion. Castles in Spain translated a 14c. Fr. term (the imaginary castles sometimes stood in Asia or Albania) and probably reflects the hopes of landless knights to establish themselves abroad.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Easton
Bible Dictionary

Castle definition


a military fortress (1 Chr. 11:7), also probably a kind of tower used by the priests for making known anything discovered at a distance (1 Chr. 6:54). Castles are also mentioned (Gen. 25:16) as a kind of watch-tower, from which shepherds kept watch over their flocks by night. The "castle" into which the chief captain commanded Paul to be brought was the quarters of the Roman soldiers in the fortress of Antonia (so called by Herod after his patron Mark Antony), which was close to the north-west corner of the temple (Acts 21:34), which it commanded.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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