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city, North Rhine-Westphalia Land (state), western Germany. It lies at the entrance to the hilly, wooded Sauerland region, southeast of Dortmund. First mentioned in the 11th century, Iserlohn was chartered in 1237 and was famous in the Middle Ages for armaments and light metalware. Although the city was burned down in 1712 and was the scene of a rebellion in 1849, the 11th-century St. Pankratius Church and the Oberste Stadtkirche (c. 1350) survive. Manufactures include machinery, pharmaceuticals, synthetic fibres, textiles, and metal products. The city has several museums and is a centre for the training of Germany's military pilots. Pop. (2003 est.) 98,234.