isoamyl nitrite

isoamyl nitrite

noun Pharmacology.
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isoamyl nitrite

drug once commonly used in the treatment of angina pectoris, a condition characterized by chest pain precipitated by oxygen deficiency in the heart muscle. Amyl nitrite is one of the oldest vasodilators (i.e., agents that expand blood vessels). The drug is useful in treating cyanide poisoning. Amyl nitrite, a clear, pale yellow liquid with a penetrating odour, is administered by inhalation and is very rapidly absorbed from the lungs. Its action is nonspecific; i.e., it affects all smooth muscles, causing them to relax. Side effects include headache, increased heart rate (tachycardia), and low blood pressure (hypotension).

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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