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city, western Turkey. Known as Baris under the Byzantine Empire, it was taken by the Seljuq Turks in 1203-04. Later it belonged to the Turkmen Hamid principality, the last ruler of which sold it to the Ottoman sultan about 1381. The city's monuments include a ruined medieval fortress and several mosques, of which Firdevs Pasa Cami is a work of the 16th-century master court architect Sinan. Isparta is known for its roses and attar (fragrant oil) of roses and for its carpets. A branch line connects it with the main Anatolian railway. Pop. (2000) 148,496.