ithiel town


Ithiel [ith-ee-uhl] , 1784–1844, U.S. architect. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
town (taʊn)
1.  a.  a densely populated urban area, typically smaller than a city and larger than a village, having some local powers of government and a fixed boundary
 b.  (as modifier): town life Related: urban
2.  a city, borough, or other urban area
3.  (in the US) a territorial unit of local government that is smaller than a county; township
4.  the nearest town or commercial district
5.  London or the chief city of an area
6.  the inhabitants of a town
7.  Compare gown the permanent residents of a university town as opposed to the university staff and students
8.  go to town
 a.  to make a supreme or unrestricted effort; go all out
 b.  informal (Austral), (NZ) to lose one's temper
9.  on the town seeking out entertainments and amusements
Related: urban
[Old English tūn village; related to Old Saxon, Old Norse tūn, Old High German zūn fence, Old Irish dūn]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

O.E. tun "enclosure, enclosed land with buildings," later "village," from P.Gmc. *tunaz, *tunan (cf. O.S., O.N., O.Fris. tun "fence, hedge," M.Du. tuun "fence," Du. tuin "garden," O.H.G. zun, Ger. Zaun "fence, hedge"), an early borrowing from Celtic *dunom (cf. O.Ir. dun, Welsh din "fortress, fortified
place, camp;" see down (n.2)). Meaning "inhabited place larger than a village" (1154) arose after the Norman conquest, to correspond to Fr. ville. The modern word is partially a generic term, applicable to cities of great size as well as places intermediate between a city and a village; such use is unusual, the only parallel is perhaps L. oppidium, which occasionally was applied to Rome or Athens (each of which was more properly an urbs). First record of town hall is from 1481; townhouse "residence in a town" is from 1825. Townie "townsman, one raised in a town" is recorded from 1827, often opposed to the university students or circus workers who were just passing through. Town ball, version of baseball, is recorded from 1852. Town car (1907) originally was a motor car with an enclosed passenger compartment and open driver's seat. On the town "living the high life" is from 1712. Go to town "do (something) energetically" is first recorded 1933. Man about town "one constantly seen at public and private functions" is attested from 1734.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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