ivan the terrible

Ivan IV

("Ivan the Terrible") 1530–84, first czar of Russia 1547–84.
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World English Dictionary
Ivan IV
known as Ivan the Terrible. 1530--84, grand duke of Muscovy (1533--47) and first tsar of Russia (1547--84). He conquered Kazan (1552), Astrakhan (1556), and Siberia (1581), but was defeated by Poland in the Livonian War (1558--82) after which his rule became increasingly oppressive

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
Ivan the Terrible [(eye-vuhn, ee-vahn)]

A Russian czar of the sixteenth century. Ivan struggled constantly with the nobles of Russia and became famous for his brutality toward his enemies.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
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