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city, Los Angeles county, southern California, U.S. It lies at the foot of the Puente Hills, about 12 miles (19 km) southeast of the city centre of Los Angeles. Part of the Rancho Paso de Bartolo Viejo land grant, the site was chosen in 1887 by Aquila H. Pickering for a Quaker community and named for the Quaker poet and abolitionist John Greenleaf Whittier. It developed as an agricultural (largely citrus-growing) centre and later expanded as part of the growing Los Angeles metropolitan area. Whittier College (the alma mater of U.S. President Richard M. Nixon) was established as Whittier Academy in 1887, and a community college was founded in 1960. The Pio Pico State Historic Park contains the partially restored mansion of Pio Pico, the last Mexican governor of California. Inc. city, 1898. Pop. (1990) 77,671; (2000) 83,680.