j. banks


Sir Joseph, 1734–1820, English naturalist.
Nathaniel Prentiss [pren-tis] , 1816–94, U.S. army officer and politician: Speaker of the House 1856–57.
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World English Dictionary
Banks (bæŋks)
1.  Iain (Menzies). born 1954, Scottish novelist and science fiction writer. His novels include The Wasp Factory (1984), The Crow Road (1992), and The Steep Approach to Garbadale (2007); science-fiction (under the name Iain M. Banks) includes Look to Windward (2000)
2.  Sir Joseph. 1743--1820, British botanist and explorer: circumnavigated the world with James Cook (1768--71)

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

"financial institution," late 15c., from either O.It. banca or M.Fr. banque (itself from the O.It. word), both meaning "table" (the notion is of the moneylender's exchange table), from a Gmc. source (cf. O.H.G. bank "bench"); see bank (2). The verb meaning "to put confidence
in" (U.S. colloquial) is attested from 1884. Bank holiday is from 1871, though the tradition is as old as the Bank of England. To cry all the way to the bank was coined 1956 by flamboyant pianist Liberace, after a Madison Square Garden concert that was packed with patrons but panned by critics.

"earthen incline, edge of a river," c.1200, probably in O.E. but not attested in surviving documents, from a Scandinavian source such as O.N. banki, O.Dan. banke "sandbank," from P.Gmc. *bangkon "slope," cognate with *bankiz "shelf."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
Banks   (bāngks)  Pronunciation Key 
British botanist who took part in Captain James Cook's voyage around the world (1768-1771), during which he discovered and cataloged many species of plant and animal life.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
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