j. major

Collins
World English Dictionary
major (ˈmeɪdʒə)
 
n
1.  military an officer immediately junior to a lieutenant colonel
2.  a person who is superior in a group or class
3.  a large or important company: the oil majors
4.  (often preceded by the) music a major key, chord, mode, or scale
5.  (US), (Canadian), (Austral), (NZ)
 a.  the principal field of study of a student at a university, etc: his major is sociology
 b.  a student who is studying a particular subject as his principal field: a sociology major
6.  a person who has reached the age of legal majority
7.  logic a major term or premise
8.  a principal or important record company, film company, etc
9.  (US), (Canadian) (plural) the majors the major leagues
 
adj
10.  larger in extent, number, etc: the major part
11.  of greater importance or priority
12.  very serious or significant: a major disaster
13.  main, chief, or principal
14.  of, involving, or making up a majority
15.  music
 a.  (of a scale or mode) having notes separated by the interval of a whole tone, except for the third and fourth degrees, and seventh and eighth degrees, which are separated by a semitone
 b.  relating to or employing notes from the major scale: a major key
 c.  (postpositive) denoting a specified key or scale as being major: C major
 d.  denoting a chord or triad having a major third above the root
 e.  (in jazz) denoting a major chord with a major seventh added above the root
16.  logic constituting the major term or major premise of a syllogism
17.  chiefly (US), (Canadian), (Austral), (NZ) of or relating to a student's principal field of study at a university, etc
18.  (Brit) the elder: used after a schoolboy's surname if he has one or more younger brothers in the same school: Price major
19.  of full legal age
20.  (postpositive) bell-ringing of, relating to, or denoting a method rung on eight bells
 
vb (usually foll by in) (usually foll by on)
21.  (US), (Canadian), (Austral), (NZ) to do one's principal study (in a particular subject): to major in English literature
22.  to take or deal with as the main area of interest: the book majors on the peasant dishes
 
[C15 (adj): from Latin, comparative of magnus great; C17 (n, in military sense): from French, short for sergeant major]
 
'majorship
 
n

Major (ˈmeɪdʒə)
 
n
John. born 1943, British Conservative politician: Chancellor of the Exchequer (1989--90); prime minister (1990--97)

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

major
c.1400, from L. major (earlier *magjos), irregular comp. of magnus "large, great" (see magnate). Used in music (of modes, scales, or chords) since 1694, on notion of an interval a half-tone greater than the minor. The verb meaning "focus (one's) studies" is 1924, from noun
in sense of "subject of specialization" (1890).

major
military rank, 1643, from Fr., short for sergent-major, originally a higher rank than at present, from M.L. major "chief officer, magnate, superior person," from L. major "an elder, adult," noun use of the adjective (see major (adj.)).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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