j. merle coulter


John Merle [murl] , 1851–1928, U.S. botanist.
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World English Dictionary
coulter (ˈkəʊltə)
Also (esp US): colter a blade or sharp-edged disc attached to a plough so that it cuts through the soil vertically in advance of the ploughshare
[Old English culter, from Latin: ploughshare, knife]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

O.E. culter, from L. culter "knife, iron blade in a plowshare." As a surname (13c.), probably from Coulter in Lancashire.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Bible Dictionary

Coulter definition

(1 Sam. 13:20, 21), an agricultural instrument, elsewhere called "ploughshare" (Isa. 2:4; Micah 4:3; Joel 3:10). It was the facing-piece of a plough, analogous to the modern coulter.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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