j. ray


[rey for 1, 2, 4, 5; rahy for 3]
John, 1627?–1705, English naturalist.
Man [man] , 1890–1976, U.S. painter and photographer.
Satyajit [suht-yuh-jit] , 1921–92, Indian film director.
a promontory at the SW extremity of Newfoundland, Canada, on the Cabot Strait, at the entrance of the Gulf of St. Lawrence.
a male given name, form of Raymond.
Also, Raye. a female given name, form of Rachel.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
ray1 (reɪ)
1.  a narrow beam of light; gleam
2.  a slight indication, esp of something anticipated or hoped for: a ray of solace
3.  maths a straight line extending from a point
4.  a thin beam of electromagnetic radiation or particles
5.  any of the bony or cartilaginous spines of the fin of a fish that form the support for the soft part of the fin
6.  any of the arms or branches of a starfish or other radiate animal
7.  astronomy any of a number of bright streaks that radiate from the youngest lunar craters, such as Tycho; they are composed of crater ejecta not yet darkened, and extend considerable distances
8.  botany See medullary ray any strand of tissue that runs radially through the vascular tissue of some higher plants
9.  (of an object) to emit (light) in rays or (of light) to issue in the form of rays
10.  (intr) (of lines, etc) to extend in rays or on radiating paths
11.  (tr) to adorn (an ornament, etc) with rays or radiating lines
[C14: from Old French rai, from Latin radius spoke, radius]

ray2 (reɪ)
any of various marine selachian fishes typically having a flattened body, greatly enlarged winglike pectoral fins, gills on the undersurface of the fins, and a long whiplike tail. They constitute the orders Torpediniformes (electric rays) and Rajiformes
[C14: from Old French raie, from Latin raia]

ray3 (reɪ)
music (in tonic sol-fa) the second degree of any major scale; supertonic
[C14: see gamut]

Ray1 (reɪ)
Cape Ray a promontory in SW Newfoundland, Canada

Ray2 (reɪ)
1.  John. 1627--1705, English naturalist. He originated natural botanical classification and the division of flowering plants into monocotyledons and dicotyledons
2.  Man, real name Emmanuel Rudnitsky. 1890--1976, US surrealist photographer
3.  Satyajit (ˈsætjədʒɪt). 1921--92, Indian film director, noted for his Apu trilogy (1955--59)

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

"beam of light," c.1300, from O.Fr. rai (nom. rais) "ray, spoke," from L. radius "ray, spoke, staff, rod" (see radius). Not common before 17c.; of the sun, usually in reference to heat (beam being preferred for light). Science fiction ray-gun is first recorded 1931 (but cf.
Martian heat ray weapon in H.G. Wells' "War of the Worlds," 1898).

"type of fish related to sharks," 1323, from Fr. raie (13c.), from L. raia, of unknown origin.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

ray (rā)

  1. A narrow beam of light or other electromagnetic radiation.

  2. A narrow beam of particles, as a cathode.

  3. A structure or part having the form of a straight line extending from a point.

Ray (rā), John. 1627-1705.

English naturalist who was the first to use anatomy to distinguish between specific plants and animals. He established the species as the basic classification of living things.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
ray   (rā)  Pronunciation Key 
  1. A thin line or narrow beam of light or other radiation.

  2. A geometric figure consisting of the part of a line that is on one side of a point on the line.

  3. See ray flower.

The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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