j. stark


[stahrk; for 2 also German shtahrk]
Harold Raynsford [reynz-ferd] , 1880–1972, U.S. admiral.
Johannes [yoh-hah-nuhs] , 1874–1957, German physicist: Nobel prize 1919.
John, 1728–1822, American Revolutionary War general.
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World English Dictionary
stark (stɑːk)
1.  (usually prenominal) devoid of any elaboration; blunt: the stark facts
2.  grim; desolate: a stark landscape
3.  (usually prenominal) utter; absolute: stark folly
4.  archaic severe; violent
5.  archaic, poetic or rigid, as in death (esp in the phrases stiff and stark, stark dead)
6.  short for stark-naked
7.  completely: stark mad
[Old English stearc stiff; related to Old Norse sterkr, Gothic gastaurknan to stiffen]

1.  Dame Freya (Madeline) (ˈfreɪə). 1893--1993, British traveller and writer, whose many books include The Southern Gates of Arabia (1936), Beyond Euphrates (1951), and The Journey's Echo (1963)
2.  Johannes (joˈhanəs). 1874--1957, German physicist, who discovered the splitting of the lines of a spectrum when the source of light is subjected to a strong electrostatic field (Stark effect, 1913): Nobel prize for physics 1919

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

O.E. stearc "stiff, strong" (related to starian "to stare"), from P.Gmc. *starkaz (cf. O.N. sterkr, O.Fris. sterk, M.Du. starc, O.H.G. starah, Ger. stark, Goth. *starks), from PIE base *ster- "stiff, rigid" (see stare). Meaning "utter, sheer, complete" first recorded c.1400,
perhaps from infl. of common phrase stark dead (late 14c.), with stark mistaken as an intensive adj. Sense of "bare, barren" is from 1833. Stark naked (1520s) is from M.E. start naked (early 13c.), from O.E. steort "tail, rump." Hence Brit. slang starkers "naked" (1923).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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