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city, northwestern Czech Republic. It lies about 1,600 feet (500 m) above sea level in the upper valley of the Nis (Neisse) River, in the Giant Mountains (Krkonose). It was populated mainly by Germans between World Wars I and II, when it was known as Gablonz an der Neisse. The cradle of the famed Bohemian glass industry, it makes all types of glass products from high-quality wares to inexpensive imitation jewelry and ornaments. Glass manufacture is traditionally carried on in small units from cottage forges. Examples of glasswork are exhibited in the city's Museum of Glass and Jewelry. Pop. (2007 est.) 44,822.