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jade1

[jeyd] /dʒeɪd/
noun
1.
either of two minerals, jadeite or nephrite, sometimes green, highly esteemed as an ornamental stone for carvings, jewelry, etc.
2.
an object, as a carving, made from this material.
3.
Also called jade green. green, varying from bluish green to yellowish green.
Origin
obsolete Spanish
1585-1595
1585-95; < French < Italian giada < obsolete Spanish (piedra de) ijada (stone of) colic < Vulgar Latin *iliata, equivalent to Latin īli(a) flanks (see ilium) + -ata -ate1; so called because supposed to cure nephritic colic
Related forms
jadelike, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for jade-green

jade1

/dʒeɪd/
noun
1.
  1. a semiprecious stone consisting of either jadeite or nephrite. It varies in colour from white to green and is used for making ornaments and jewellery
  2. (as modifier): jade ornaments
2.
  1. the green colour of jade
  2. (as modifier): a jade skirt
Derived Forms
jadelike, adjective
Word Origin
C18: from French, from Italian giada, from obsolete Spanish piedra de ijada colic stone (literally: stone of the flank, because it was believed to cure renal colic); ijada, from Vulgar Latin īliata (unattested) flanks, from Latin īlia, plural of īlium; see ileum

jade2

/dʒeɪd/
noun
1.
an old overworked horse; nag; hack
2.
(derogatory or facetious) a woman considered to be ill-tempered or disreputable
verb
3.
to exhaust or make exhausted from work or use
Derived Forms
jadish, adjective
jadishly, adverb
jadishness, noun
Word Origin
C14: of unknown origin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for jade-green

jade

n.

ornamental stone, 1721, earlier iada (1590s), from French le jade, error for earlier l'ejade, from Spanish piedra de (la) ijada (1560s), "stone of colic, pain in the side" (jade was thought to cure this), from Vulgar Latin *iliata, from Latin ilia (plural) "flanks, kidney area" (see ileum).

"worn-out horse," late 14c., "cart horse," of uncertain origin. Barnhart suggests a variant of yaid, yald "whore," literally "mare," from a Scandinavian source akin to Old Norse jalda "mare," from Finno-Ugric (cf. Mordvin al'd'a "mare"). But OED finds the assumption of a Scandinavian connection "without reason." As a term of abuse for a woman, it dates from 1550s.

v.

"to weary, tire out, make dull," c.1600, from jade (n.2). Related: Jaded; jading.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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jade-green in Science
jade
  (jād)   
A hard gemstone that is pale green or white and consists either of the mineral jadeite (a pyroxene) or the mineral nephrite (an amphibole). It usually forms within metamorphic rocks.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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