1 [jeyd]
either of two minerals, jadeite or nephrite, sometimes green, highly esteemed as an ornamental stone for carvings, jewelry, etc.
an object, as a carving, made from this material.
Also called jade green. green, varying from bluish green to yellowish green.

1585–95; < French < Italian giada < obsolete Spanish (piedra de) ijada (stone of) colic < Vulgar Latin *iliata, equivalent to Latin īli(a) flanks (see ilium) + -ata -ate1; so called because supposed to cure nephritic colic

jadelike, adjective
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World English Dictionary
jade1 (dʒeɪd)
1.  a.  a semiprecious stone consisting of either jadeite or nephrite. It varies in colour from white to green and is used for making ornaments and jewellery
 b.  (as modifier): jade ornaments
2.  a.  the green colour of jade
 b.  (as modifier): a jade skirt
[C18: from French, from Italian giada, from obsolete Spanish piedra de ijada colic stone (literally: stone of the flank, because it was believed to cure renal colic); ijada, from Vulgar Latin īliata (unattested) flanks, from Latin īlia, plural of īlium; see ileum]

jade2 (dʒeɪd)
1.  an old overworked horse; nag; hack
2.  derogatory, facetious or a woman considered to be ill-tempered or disreputable
3.  to exhaust or make exhausted from work or use
[C14: of unknown origin]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

"gemstone," 1590s, from Fr. le jade, error for earlier l'ejade, from Sp. piedra de (la) ijada (1569), "stone of colic, pain in the side" (jade was thought to cure this), from V.L. *iliata, from L. ilia (pl.) "flanks, kidney area."

"worn-out horse," late 14c., possibly from O.N. jalda "mare," from Finno-Ugric (cf. Mordvin al'd'a "mare"). As a term of abuse for a woman, it dates from 1560.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
jade   (jād)  Pronunciation Key 
A hard gemstone that is pale green or white and consists either of the mineral jadeite (a pyroxene) or the mineral nephrite (an amphibole). It usually forms within metamorphic rocks.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
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