enlightener. (1.) The son of Segub. He was brought up with his mother in Gilead, where he had possessions (1 Chr. 2:22). He distinguished himself in an expedition against Bashan, and settled in the part of Argob on the borders of Gilead. The small towns taken by him there are called Havoth-jair, i.e., "Jair's villages" (Num. 32:41; Deut. 3:14; Josh. 13:30). (2.) The eighth judge of Israel, which he ruled for twenty-two years. His opulence is described in Judg. 10:3-5. He had thirty sons, each riding on "ass colts." They had possession of thirty of the sixty cities (1 Kings 4:13; 1 Chr. 2:23) which formed the ancient Havoth-jair. (3.) A Benjamite, the father of Mordecai, Esther's uncle (Esther 2:5). (4.) The father of Elhanan, who slew Lahmi, the brother of Goliath (1 Chr. 20:5).
And jair died, and was buried in the place which is called Camon.
Thola ruleth Israel twenty-three years; and jair twenty-two.
Gideon and Tholus thy enemies put to smart, jair and Jephtha gave praises to thy name.
Even if jair had lived in the time of Moses, the phrase “unto this day” shows that it was written long after the event described.
Now it was that jair the Gileadite, 16 of the tribe of Manasseh, took the government.
And Segub begot jair, and he had three and twenty cities in the land of Galaad.
Of jair we are told that he had 30 sons, who rode on 30 asses, and possessed 30 villages.