city, western Rajasthan state, northwestern India. Connected by road with Jodhpur, Barmer, and Phalodi, the city is a major caravan centre, trading in wool, hides, salt, fuller's earth, camels, and sheep. Jaisalmer, noted for its buildings of yellowish-brown stone, was founded in 1156 by Rawal Jaisal, a chief of the Rajputs (the warrior rulers of the historic region of Rajputana). The fort, on a hill that overlooks the city, houses the royal palace, several ancient Jaina temples, and a library called the Gyana Bhandar (A Store of Knowledge), which contains old Sanskrit and Prakrit manuscripts
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