type of figured muslin that is one of the greatest accomplishments of the Indian weaver. The origins of figured muslin are not clear; it is mentioned in Sanskrit literature of the Gupta period (4th-6th century AD). It is known, however, that in the Mughal period (1556-1707) the finest jamdanis were produced at Dacca (Dhaka), in the state of Bengal (now Bangladesh), the work being characterized by extremely elaborate designs. The weaving of jamdanis was introduced in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, under the nawabs of Oudh in the late 18th century and attained great excellence. Because these textiles required great skill in their manufacture, they were very costly and could be afforded only by the very rich
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