james black

Black

[blak]
noun
1.
Hugo Lafayette, 1886–1971, U.S. political official: associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court 1937–71.
2.
(Sir) James Whyte [hwahyt, wahyt] , born 1924, English pharmacologist: Nobel prize 1988.
3.
Joseph, 1728–99, Scottish physician and chemist.
4.
Shirley Temple, Temple, Shirley.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source Link To james black
Collins
World English Dictionary
black (blæk)
 
adj
1.  Compare white of the colour of jet or carbon black, having no hue due to the absorption of all or nearly all incident light
2.  without light; completely dark
3.  without hope or alleviation; gloomy: the future looked black
4.  very dirty or soiled: black factory chimneys
5.  angry or resentful: she gave him black looks
6.  (of a play or other work) dealing with the unpleasant realities of life, esp in a pessimistic or macabre manner: black comedy
7.  (of coffee or tea) without milk or cream
8.  causing, resulting from, or showing great misfortune: black areas of unemployment
9.  a.  wicked or harmful: a black lie
 b.  (in combination): black-hearted
10.  causing or deserving dishonour or censure: a black crime
11.  (of the face) purple, as from suffocation
12.  (Brit) (of goods, jobs, works, etc) being subject to boycott by trade unionists, esp in support of industrial action elsewhere
 
n
13.  a black colour
14.  a dye or pigment of or producing this colour
15.  black clothing, worn esp as a sign of mourning
16.  chess, draughts
 a.  a black or dark-coloured piece or square
 b.  (usually capital) the player playing with such pieces
17.  complete darkness: the black of the night
18.  a black ball in snooker, etc
19.  (in roulette and other gambling games) one of two colours on which players may place even bets, the other being red
20.  in the black in credit or without debt
21.  archery a black ring on a target, between the outer and the blue, scoring three points
 
vb
22.  another word for blacken
23.  (tr) to polish (shoes, etc) with blacking
24.  (tr) to bruise so as to make black: he blacked her eye
25.  (Brit), (Austral), (NZ) (tr) (of trade unionists) to organize a boycott of (specified goods, jobs, work, etc), esp in support of industrial action elsewhere
 
[Old English blæc; related to Old Saxon blak ink, Old High German blakra to blink]
 
'blackish
 
adj
 
'blackishly
 
adv
 
'blackly
 
adv
 
'blackness
 
n

Black1 (blæk)
 
n
1.  a member of a human population having dark pigmentation of the skin
 
adj
2.  of or relating to a Black person or Black people: a Black neighbourhood
 
usage  Talking about a Black or Blacks is considered offensive and it is better to talk about a Black person, Black people

Black2 (blæk)
 
n
1.  Sir James (Whyte). born 1924, British biochemist. He discovered beta-blockers and drugs for peptic ulcers: Nobel prize for physiology or medicine 1988
2.  Joseph. 1728--99, Scottish physician and chemist, noted for his pioneering work on carbon dioxide and heat

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
Cite This Source
Etymonline
Word Origin & History

black
O.E. blæc "black, dark," from P.Gmc. *blakaz "burned" (cf. O.N. blakkr "dark," O.H.G. blah "black," Swed. bläck "ink," Du. blaken "to burn"), from PIE *bhleg- "to burn, gleam, shine, flash" (cf. Gk. phlegein "to burn, scorch," L. flagrare "to blaze, glow, burn"), from base *bhel- (1);
see bleach. The same root produced O.E. blac "bright, shining, glittering, pale;" the connecting notions being, perhaps, "fire" (bright) and "burned" (dark). The usual O.E. word for "black" was sweart (see swart). According to OED: "In ME. it is often doubtful whether blac, blak, blake, means 'black, dark,' or 'pale, colourless, wan, livid.' " Adjective used of dark-skinned people in O.E. The noun in this sense is first attested 1620s (blackamoor is from 1540s; see moor). Of coffee, first attested 1796. Sense of "dark purposes, malignant" emerged 1580s (e.g. black art). To be in the black (1928) is from the accounting practice of recording credits and balances in black ink.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Cite This Source
American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

Black (blāk), Sir James Whyte. Born 1924.

British pharmacologist. He shared a 1988 Nobel Prize for developing drugs to treat heart disease and stomach and duodenal ulcers.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Cite This Source
American Heritage
Science Dictionary
Black   (blāk)  Pronunciation Key 
British pharmacologist who discovered the first beta-blocker, which led to the development of safer and more effective drugs to treat high blood pressure and heart disease. Black also developed a blocker for gastric acid production that revolutionized the treatment of stomach ulcers. He shared with Gertrude Elion and George Hitchings the 1988 Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
Cite This Source
Easton
Bible Dictionary

Black definition


properly the absence of all colour. In Prov. 7:9 the Hebrew word means, as in the margin of the Revised Version, "the pupil of the eye." It is translated "apple" of the eye in Deut. 32:10; Ps. 17:8; Prov. 7:2. It is a different word which is rendered "black" in Lev. 13:31,37; Cant. 1:5; 5:11; and Zech. 6:2, 6. It is uncertain what the "black marble" of Esther 1:6 was which formed a part of the mosaic pavement.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
Cite This Source
Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature