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jewel

[joo-uh l] /ˈdʒu əl/
noun
1.
a cut and polished precious stone; gem.
2.
a fashioned ornament for personal adornment, especially of a precious metal set with gems.
3.
a precious possession.
4.
a person or thing that is treasured, esteemed, or indispensable.
5.
a durable bearing used in fine timepieces and other delicate instruments, made of natural or synthetic precious stone or other very hard material.
6.
an ornamental boss of glass, sometimes cut with facets, in stained-glass work.
7.
something resembling a jewel in appearance, ornamental effect, or the like, as a star.
verb (used with object), jeweled, jeweling or (especially British) jewelled, jewelling.
8.
to set or adorn with jewels.
Origin
1250-1300
1250-1300; Middle English jouel juel < Anglo-French jeul, Old French jouel, joel < Vulgar Latin *jocāle plaything, noun use of neuter of *jocālis (adj.) of play, equivalent to Latin joc(us) joke + -ālis -al1
Related forms
jewellike, adjective
unjeweled, adjective
unjewelled, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for jewelling

jewel

/ˈdʒuːəl/
noun
1.
a precious or semiprecious stone; gem
2.
a person or thing resembling a jewel in preciousness, brilliance, etc
3.
a gemstone, often synthetically produced, used as a bearing in a watch
4.
a piece of jewellery
5.
an ornamental glass boss, sometimes faceted, used in stained glasswork
6.
jewel in the crown, the most valuable, esteemed, or successful person or thing of a number: who will be the jewel in the crown of English soccer?
verb -els, -elling, -elled (US) -els, -eling, -eled
7.
(transitive) to fit or decorate with a jewel or jewels
Derived Forms
jewelled, (US) jeweled, adjective
jewel-like, adjective
Word Origin
C13: from Old French jouel, perhaps from jeu game, from Latin jocus
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for jewelling

jewel

n.

late 13c., "article of value used for adornment," from Anglo-French juel, Old French jouel "ornament, jewel" (12c.), perhaps from Medieval Latin jocale, from Latin jocus "pastime, sport," in Vulgar Latin "that which causes joy" (see joke (n.)). Another theory traces it to Latin gaudium, also with a notion of "rejoice" (see joy).

Sense of "precious stone" developed early 14c. Meaning "beloved person, admired woman" is late 14c. Colloquial family jewels "testicles" is from 1920s, but jewel as "testicle" dates to late 15c.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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