jim beard

Beard

[beerd]
noun
1.
Charles Austin, 1874–1948, and his wife Mary, 1876–1958, U.S. historians.
2.
Daniel Carter, 1850–1941, U.S. artist and naturalist: organized the Boy Scouts of America in 1910.
3.
James Andrew, 1903–85, U.S. cooking teacher and food writer.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
beard (bɪəd)
 
n
1.  the hair growing on the lower parts of a man's face
2.  any similar growth in animals
3.  a tuft of long hairs in plants such as barley and wheat; awn
4.  the gills of an oyster
5.  a barb, as on an arrow or fish-hook
6.  slang a woman who accompanies a homosexual man to give the impression that he is heterosexual
7.  printing the part of a piece of type that connects the face with the shoulder
 
vb
8.  to oppose boldly or impertinently
9.  to pull or grasp the beard of
 
[Old English beard; related to Old Norse barth, Old High German bart, Latin barba]
 
'bearded
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

beard
O.E. beard "beard," from W.Gmc. *barthaz (cf. O.Fris. berd, M.Du. baert, Ger. bart), seemingly from PIE *bhar-dha "beard" (cf. O.C.S. brada, Lith. barzda, and perhaps L. barba "beard"). The verb is from M.E. phrase rennen in berd "oppose openly," on the same notion as modern slang get in (someone's)
face. Pubic hair sense is from 1600s; in the 1811 "Dictionary of the Vulgar Tongue," the phrase beard-splitter is defined as, "A man much given to wenching" (see beaver).
"The Grecian beard was curly; the Roman, trimmed; but in the Roman Empire shaving became general about 450 B.C., partly for greater safety in close combat, not to be grasped by the beard. When Pope Leo III shaved, in 795, the Roman Catholic clergy followed his practice, and still generally do." [Shipley, p.28]
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
beard   (bîrd)  Pronunciation Key 
A tuft or group of hairs or bristles on certain plants, such as barley and wheat. The individual strands of a beard are attached to a sepal or petal.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Easton
Bible Dictionary

Beard definition


The mode of wearing it was definitely prescribed to the Jews (Lev. 19:27; 21:5). Hence the import of Ezekiel's (5:1-4) description of the "razor" i.e., the agents of an angry providence being used against the guilty nation of the Jews. It was a part of a Jew's daily toilet to anoint his beard with oil and perfume (Ps. 133:2). Beards were trimmed with the most fastidious care (2 Sam. 19:24), and their neglet was an indication of deep sorrow (Isa. 15:2; Jer. 41:5). The custom was to shave or pluck off the hair as a sign of mourning (Isa. 50:6; Jer. 48:37; Ezra 9:3). The beards of David's ambassadors were cut off by hanun (2 Sam. 10:4) as a mark of indignity. On the other hand, the Egyptians carefully shaved the hair off their faces, and they compelled their slaves to do so also (Gen. 41:14).

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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