jimson weed

jimson weed

a coarse, rank-smelling weed, Datura stramonium, of the nightshade family, having oaklike, poisonous leaves and tubular white or lavender flowers.
Also, jimpson weed [jimp-suhn] , Jimson weed.

1805–15, Americanism; variant of Jamestown weed, after Jamestown, Virginia

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World English Dictionary
jimson weed (ˈdʒɪmsən)
(US), (Canadian) Also called (in Britain and certain other countries): thorn apple a poisonous solanaceous plant, Datura stramonium, of the N hemisphere, having white funnel-shaped flowers and spiny capsule fruits
[C17: from earlier Jamestown weed, from Jamestown, Virginia]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

jimson weed
1812, Amer.Eng. shortening of Jamestown-weed (1687), from Jamestown, Virginia colony, where it was discovered by Europeans (1676), when British soldiers mistook it for an edible plant and subsequently hallucinated for 11 days.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica

jimson weed

annual, herbaceous, tropical plant (Datura stramonium) of the potato family (Solanaceae) that has become an introduced weed throughout much of the Northern Hemisphere. The plant was used by Algonquin Indians in eastern North America as a hallucinogen and intoxicant. The leaves contain potent alkaloids (hyoscamine and hyoscine), and the plant has been used to develop a drug (stramonium) for treating asthma.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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