jirja

Encyclopedia

jirja

town, Sawhaj muhafazah (governorate), Upper Egypt. It is situated on the west bank of the Nile River, which encroached considerably on the town in the 18th and 19th centuries. In pharaonic times it was probably the town of This (Tny), ancestral home of the 1st dynasty (c. 2925-c. 2775 BC), which unified Egypt. Its present name derives from the ancient Coptic monastery of Mar Girgis, dedicated to St. George. In the 14th century AD it became a centre of the Hawwarah, an Arabized Berber tribe; in about 1576 they were conquered by the Ottoman governor of Egypt, who then made Jirja the seat of the governor of Upper Egypt. During the reign of Muhammad 'Ali (1805-48), it was absorbed into a larger territorial unit. In 1859 Sawhaj replaced Jirja as the provincial capital

Learn more about Jirja with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
Cite This Source
Explore Dictionary.com
Previous Definition: jirga
Next Definition: jirrbal
Words Near: jirja
More from Thesaurus.com
Synonyms and Antonyms for jirja
More from Reference.com
Search for articles containing jirja
More from Dictionary.com Translator
Dictionary.com Word FAQs

Dictionary.com presents 366 FAQs, incorporating some of the frequently asked questions from the past with newer queries.

Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature