a strenuously acrobatic dance consisting of a few standardized steps augmented by twirls, splits, somersaults, etc., popular especially in the early 1940s and performed chiefly to boogie-woogie and swing.
a person who dances the jitterbug.
verb (used without object), jitterbugged, jitterbugging.
to dance the jitterbug.

1930–35, Americanism; jitter + bug1

jitterbugger, noun
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World English Dictionary
jitterbug (ˈdʒɪtəˌbʌɡ)
1.  a fast jerky American dance, usually to a jazz accompaniment, that was popular in the 1940s
2.  a person who dances the jitterbug
3.  a highly nervous or excitable person
vb , -bugs, -bugging, -bugged
4.  (intr) to perform such a dance

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

"swing dance," 1938, Amer.Eng., from Jitter bug, title of a song recorded by Cab Calloway in 1934. Related to jitters (pl.) "extreme nervousness," 1925, Amer.Eng., perhaps an alteration of dial. chitter "tremble, shiver," from M.E. chittern "to twitter, chatter." Jittery is 1931, Amer.Eng.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Still, the orbital dance is more of a slow waltz than a jitterbug.
If you have the urge to tango or do the jitterbug, feel free during one of the
  park's dances.
There will be lectures and demonstrations, and programs designed to teach
  everyone in the family how to jitterbug and samba.
Popular dances such as the lindy and the jitterbug became mainstream.
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