john ransom

Collins
World English Dictionary
ransom (ˈrænsəm)
 
n
1.  the release of captured prisoners, property, etc, on payment of a stipulated price
2.  the price demanded or stipulated for such a release
3.  rescue or redemption of any kind
4.  hold to ransom
 a.  to keep (prisoners, property, etc) in confinement until payment for their release is made or received
 b.  to attempt to force (a person or persons) to comply with one's demands
5.  a king's ransom a very large amount of money or valuables
 
vb
6.  to pay a stipulated price and so obtain the release of (prisoners, property, etc)
7.  to set free (prisoners, property, etc) upon receiving the payment demanded
8.  to redeem; rescue: Christ ransomed men from sin
 
[C14: from Old French ransoun, from Latin redemptiō a buying back, redemption]
 
'ransomer
 
n

Ransom (ˈrænsəm)
 
n
John Crowe. 1888--1974, US poet and critic

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

ransom
early 13c., "sum paid for the release of a prisoner or captured man," from O.Fr. ranson (Fr. rançon), earlier raenson "ransom, redemption," from L. redemptionem (nom. redemptio) "a redeeming," from redimere (see redeem). The verb is first recorded c.1300.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Easton
Bible Dictionary

Ransom definition


the price or payment made for our redemption, as when it is said that the Son of man "gave his life a ransom for many" (Matt. 20:28; comp. Acts 20:28; Rom. 3:23, 24; 1 Cor. 6:19, 20; Gal. 3:13; 4:4, 5: Eph. 1:7; Col. 1:14; 1 Tim. 2:6; Titus 2:14; 1 Pet. 1:18, 19. In all these passages the same idea is expressed). This word is derived from the Fr. rancon; Lat. redemptio. The debt is represented not as cancelled but as fully paid. The slave or captive is not liberated by a mere gratuitous favour, but a ransom price has been paid, in consideration of which he is set free. The original owner receives back his alienated and lost possession because he has bought it back "with a price." This price or ransom (Gr. lutron) is always said to be Christ, his blood, his death. He secures our redemption by the payment of a ransom. (See REDEMPTION.)

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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