john t scopes

Scopes

[skohps]
noun
John Thomas, 1901–70, U.S. high-school teacher whose teaching of the Darwinian theory of evolution became a cause célèbre (Scopes Trial or Monkey Trial) in 1925.
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

scope
"extent," 1534, "room to act," from It. scopo "aim, purpose, object, thing aimed at, mark, target," from L. scopus, from Gk. skopos "aim, target, watcher," from PIE *spek- "to observe" (cf. Skt. spasati "sees;" Avestan spasyeiti "spies;" Gk. skopein "behold, look, consider," skeptesthai "to look at;"
L. specere "to look at;" O.H.G. spehhon "to spy," Ger. spähen "to spy"). Sense of "distance the mind can reach, extent of view" first recorded c.1600.

scope
"instrument for viewing," 1872, abstracted from telescope, microscope, etc., from Gk. skopein "to look" (see scope (1)). Earlier used as a shortening of horoscope (c.1600). The verb is recorded from 1807.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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