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jovial

[joh-vee-uh l] /ˈdʒoʊ vi əl/
adjective
1.
endowed with or characterized by a hearty, joyous humor or a spirit of good-fellowship:
a wonderfully jovial host.
2.
(initial capital letter) of or relating to the god Jove, or Jupiter.
Origin
1580-1590
1580-90; < Medieval Latin joviālis of Jupiter (the planet, supposed to exert a happy influence), equivalent to Latin jovi- (see Jovian) + -ālis -al1
Related forms
jovially, adverb
jovialness, noun
unjovial, adjective
unjovially, adverb
Can be confused
jocose, jocular, jocund, jovial (see synonym study at the current entry)
Synonyms
1. merry, jolly, convivial, gay, joyful, mirthful. Jovial, jocose, jocular, jocund agree in referring to someone who is in a good humor. Jovial suggests a hearty, joyous humor: a jovial person. Jocose refers to that which causes laughter; it suggests someone who is playful and given to jesting: with jocose and comical airs. Jocular means humorous, facetious, mirthful, and waggish: jocular enough to keep up the spirits of all around him. Jocund, now a literary word, suggests a cheerful, light-hearted, and sprightly gaiety: glad and jocund company.
Antonyms
1. gloomy.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for jovialness

jovial

/ˈdʒəʊvɪəl/
adjective
1.
having or expressing convivial humour; jolly
Derived Forms
joviality, jovialness, noun
jovially, adverb
Word Origin
C16: from Latin joviālis of (the planet) Jupiter, considered by astrologers to foster good humour
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Contemporary definitions for jovialness
adjective

pertaining to Jove or Jupiter

Word Origin

Latin jovialis 'pertaining to Jove, Jupiter'

Dictionary.com's 21st Century Lexicon
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Word Origin and History for jovialness

jovial

adj.

1580s, "under the influence of the planet Jupiter," from Middle French jovial (16c.), from Italian joviale, literally "pertaining to Jupiter," and directly from Latin Iovialis "of Jupiter," from Iovius (used as genitive of Iuppiter) "Jupiter," Roman god of the sky (see Jove). The meaning "good-humored, merry," is from astrological belief that those born under the sign of the planet Jupiter are of such dispositions. Related: Jovially.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Related Abbreviations for jovialness

JOVIAL

Jules' own version of the international algorithmic language
The American Heritage® Abbreviations Dictionary, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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