jowl

1 [joul, johl]

Origin:
before 1000; Middle English chawl, chavell, Old English ceafl jaw; cognate with Dutch kevel, German Kiefer, Old Norse kjaptr

jowled, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged

jowl

2 [joul, johl]
noun
1.
a fold of flesh hanging from the jaw, as of a very fat person.
2.
the meat of the cheek of a hog.
3.
the dewlap of cattle.
4.
the wattle of fowls.
Also, jole.


Origin:
1275–1325; Middle English cholle, Old English ceole throat; cognate with German Kehle throat

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
jowl1 (dʒaʊl)
 
n
1.  the jaw, esp the lower one
2.  (often plural) a cheek, esp a prominent one
3.  cheek by jowl See cheek
 
[Old English ceafl jaw; related to Middle High German kivel, Old Norse kjaptr]
 
jowled1
 
adj

jowl2 (dʒaʊl)
 
n
1.  fatty flesh hanging from the lower jaw
2.  a similar fleshy part in animals, such as the wattle of a fowl or the dewlap of a bull
 
[Old English ceole throat; compare Old High German kela]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

jowl
1577, from M.E. cholle "fold of flesh hanging from the jaw" (c.1320), perhaps related to O.E. ceole "throat" (cognate of O.Ir. gop, Ir. gob "beak, mouth"). A slightly different jowl, meaning "jaw," evolved from O.E. ceafl, from P.Gmc. *kaflaz (cf. Ger. kiefer, O.N. kjaptr "jaw," Flem. kavel, Du. kevel
"gum"), and the two words influenced one another in form and sense. The change from ch- to j- has not been explained.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

jowl 1 (joul)
n.

  1. The jaw, especially the lower jaw.

  2. The cheek.

jowl 2
n.
The flesh under the lower jaw, especially when plump or flaccid.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Idioms & Phrases

jowl

see cheek by jowl.

The American Heritage® Dictionary of Idioms by Christine Ammer.
Copyright © 1997. Published by Houghton Mifflin.
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Example sentences
The foundation's staff of twenty-five worked cheek by jowl out of a small two-story building.
As was the case in my town, buildings were built cheek by jowl, and filled with combustible materials.
Living cheek-by-jowl with one's neighbors imposes changes in one's behavior.
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