juan hid-algo

Hidalgo

[hi-dal-goh; Spanish ee-thahl-gaw]
noun
1.
Juan [hwahn] , c1600–85, Spanish composer and harpist.
2.
a state in central Mexico. 8057 sq. mi. (20,870 sq. km). Capital: Pachuca.
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hidalgo (hɪˈdælɡəʊ, Spanish iˈðalɣo)
 
n , pl -gos
a member of the lower nobility in Spain
 
[C16: from Spanish, from Old Spanish fijo dalgo nobleman, from Latin filius son + of + aliquid something]

Hidalgo (hɪˈdælɡəʊ, Spanish iˈðalɣo)
 
n
a state of central Mexico: consists of a high plateau, with the Sierra Madre Oriental in the north and east; ancient remains of Teltec culture (at Tula); rich mineral resources. Capital: Pachuca. Pop: 2 231 392 (2000). Area: 20 987 sq km (8103 sq miles)

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

hidalgo
1594, from Sp., from O.Sp. fidalgo, shortened from filho de algo "son (L. filus) of someone (L. aliquis)," perhaps an imitation of Ar. ibn-nas "son of people," a complimentary title.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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