judgment

[juhj-muhnt]
noun
1.
an act or instance of judging.
2.
the ability to judge, make a decision, or form an opinion objectively, authoritatively, and wisely, especially in matters affecting action; good sense; discretion: a man of sound judgment.
3.
the demonstration or exercise of such ability or capacity: The major was decorated for the judgment he showed under fire.
4.
the forming of an opinion, estimate, notion, or conclusion, as from circumstances presented to the mind: Our judgment as to the cause of his failure must rest on the evidence.
5.
the opinion formed: He regretted his hasty judgment.
6.
Law.
a.
a judicial decision given by a judge or court.
b.
the obligation, especially a debt, arising from a judicial decision.
c.
the certificate embodying such a decision and issued against the obligor, especially a debtor.
7.
a misfortune regarded as inflicted by divine sentence, as for sin.
8.
(usually initial capital letter) . Also called Last Judgment, Final Judgment. the final trial of all people, both the living and dead, at the end of the world.
Also, especially British, judgement.


Origin:
1250–1300; Middle English jug(g)ement < Old French jugement, equivalent to juge- (stem of jugier to judge) + -ment -ment

interjudgment, noun
rejudgment, noun


1. determination. 2. discrimination, discernment, perspicacity; sagacity, wisdom, intelligence, prudence. 6a. verdict, decree.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
judgment or judgement (ˈdʒʌdʒmənt)
 
n
1.  the faculty of being able to make critical distinctions and achieve a balanced viewpoint; discernment
2.  a.  the decision or verdict pronounced by a court of law
 b.  an obligation arising as a result of such a decision or verdict, such as a debt
 c.  the document recording such a decision or verdict
 d.  (as modifier): a judgment debtor
3.  the formal decision of one or more judges at a contest or competition
4.  a particular decision or opinion formed in a case in dispute or doubt
5.  an estimation: a good judgment of distance
6.  criticism or censure
7.  logic
 a.  the act of establishing a relation between two or more terms, esp as an affirmation or denial
 b.  the expression of such a relation
8.  against one's better judgment contrary to a more appropriate or preferred course of action
9.  sit in judgment
 a.  to preside as judge
 b.  to assume the position of critic
10.  in someone's judgment in someone's opinion
 
judgement or judgement
 
n

Judgment (ˈdʒʌdʒmənt)
 
n
1.  the estimate by God of the ultimate worthiness or unworthiness of the individual (the Particular Judgment) or of all mankind (the General Judgment or Last Judgment)
2.  God's subsequent decision determining the final destinies of all individuals

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

judgment
early 13c., "a pronunciation of an opinion, criticism," from O.Fr. jugement (11c.), from jugier (see judge). Meaning "any authoritative decision" is from early 14c. (the Doomsday sense, "trial of moral beings by God," is mid-14c.); meaning "the forming of an opinion" is from
late 14c. Sense of "discernment" is first recorded 1530s.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Our findings support the idea that when people make aesthetic judgements, they
  are subject to a variety of influences.
Drawing the line requires fine judgements by both lawmakers and juries.
We can make our own moral judgements on the virtues of those two sets of
  arguments.
One's morality and the moral judgements it leads to are absolutely subjective.
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