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judgment

[juhj-muh nt] /ˈdʒʌdʒ mənt/
noun
1.
an act or instance of judging.
2.
the ability to judge, make a decision, or form an opinion objectively, authoritatively, and wisely, especially in matters affecting action; good sense; discretion:
a man of sound judgment.
3.
the demonstration or exercise of such ability or capacity:
The major was decorated for the judgment he showed under fire.
4.
the forming of an opinion, estimate, notion, or conclusion, as from circumstances presented to the mind:
Our judgment as to the cause of his failure must rest on the evidence.
5.
the opinion formed:
He regretted his hasty judgment.
6.
Law.
  1. a judicial decision given by a judge or court.
  2. the obligation, especially a debt, arising from a judicial decision.
  3. the certificate embodying such a decision and issued against the obligor, especially a debtor.
7.
a misfortune regarded as inflicted by divine sentence, as for sin.
8.
(usually initial capital letter). Also called Last Judgment, Final Judgment. the final trial of all people, both the living and dead, at the end of the world.
Also, especially British, judgement.
Origin
1250-1300
1250-1300; Middle English jug(g)ement < Old French jugement, equivalent to juge- (stem of jugier to judge) + -ment -ment
Related forms
interjudgment, noun
rejudgment, noun
Synonyms
1. determination. 2. discrimination, discernment, perspicacity; sagacity, wisdom, intelligence, prudence. 6a. verdict, decree.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for judgements
  • Our findings support the idea that when people make aesthetic judgements, they are subject to a variety of influences.
  • Drawing the line requires fine judgements by both lawmakers and juries.
  • We can make our own moral judgements on the virtues of those two sets of arguments.
  • One's morality and the moral judgements it leads to are absolutely subjective.
  • Science tells us the nature of the universe, it doesn't provide moral guidance or value judgements.
  • For some individuals this will mean sweeping aside personally held moral judgements.
  • These issues seem complicated to me, value judgements with no obvious answer.
  • Such value judgements are in any case outside the remit of science, and increase the risk of confirmation bias.
  • We all make judgements about where to actively apply scepticism and what to accept.
  • Damage to the prefrontal cortex increases utilitarian moral judgements.
British Dictionary definitions for judgements

judgment

/ˈdʒʌdʒmənt/
noun
1.
the faculty of being able to make critical distinctions and achieve a balanced viewpoint; discernment
2.
  1. the decision or verdict pronounced by a court of law
  2. an obligation arising as a result of such a decision or verdict, such as a debt
  3. the document recording such a decision or verdict
  4. (as modifier): a judgment debtor
3.
the formal decision of one or more judges at a contest or competition
4.
a particular decision or opinion formed in a case in dispute or doubt
5.
an estimation: a good judgment of distance
6.
criticism or censure
7.
(logic)
  1. the act of establishing a relation between two or more terms, esp as an affirmation or denial
  2. the expression of such a relation
8.
against one's better judgment, contrary to a more appropriate or preferred course of action
9.
sit in judgment
  1. to preside as judge
  2. to assume the position of critic
10.
in someone's judgment, in someone's opinion

Judgment

/ˈdʒʌdʒmənt/
noun
1.
the estimate by God of the ultimate worthiness or unworthiness of the individual (the Particular Judgment) or of all mankind (the General Judgment or Last Judgment)
2.
God's subsequent decision determining the final destinies of all individuals
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for judgements

judgment

n.

mid-13c., "action of trying at law, trial," also "capacity for making decisions," from Old French jugement "legal judgment; diagnosis; the Last Judgment" (11c.), from jugier (see judge (v.)). From late 13c. as "penalty imposed by a court;" early 14c. as "any authoritative decision, verdict." From c.1300 in referfence to the Last Judgment. Also from c.1300 as "opinion." Sense of "discernment" is first recorded 1530s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Idioms and Phrases with judgements
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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