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[joo-dish-ee-er-ee, -dish-uh-ree] /dʒuˈdɪʃ iˌɛr i, -ˈdɪʃ ə ri/
noun, plural judiciaries.
the judicial branch of government.
the system of courts of justice in a country.
judges collectively.
pertaining to the judicial branch or system or to judges.
Origin of judiciary
1580-90; orig. adj. < Latin jūdiciārius of the law courts, equivalent to jūdici(um) judgment (see judge) + -ārius -ary
Related forms
judiciarily, adverb
subjudiciary, adjective, noun, plural subjudiciaries.
Can be confused
judicial, judiciary, judicious (see synonym study at judicious) Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for judiciary
  • If you don't agree with something sue, and let the judiciary decide.
  • Tonga's judiciary remains answerable first and foremost to the king, not the elected government.
  • It gives new powers to the prime minister and parliament and inaugurates a much-needed overhaul of the judiciary.
  • The printed press still strives to criticise the government, the judiciary is independent, civil society is vibrant.
  • Accountability is not only for politicians in government but opposition, journalists and above all the judiciary.
  • Federal and many state judiciary appointments are for life and are likewise based on a previous body of work.
  • The case was seen by some on the right as validation of their conviction that the judiciary was out of control.
  • There is a puppet legislature, a weak judiciary, and a neutered press.
  • The framers wanted an independent judiciary, for sure.
  • The judiciary, of course, is altogether composed of members of the profession.
British Dictionary definitions for judiciary


/dʒuːˈdɪʃɪərɪ; -ˈdɪʃərɪ/
of or relating to courts of law, judgment, or judges
noun (pl) -aries
the branch of the central authority in a state concerned with the administration of justice Compare executive (sense 2), legislature
the system of courts in a country
the judges collectively; bench
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for judiciary

"relating to courts," early 15c., from Latin iudiciarius "of or belonging to a court of justice," from iudicium "judgment," from iudicem (see judge (v.)). The noun meaning "a body of judges, judges collectively" is from 1802 (judicature was used in this sense from 1590s).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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